JEROEN VOGELAAR: Aviation Photographs

Naval Aircraft Factory N3N

Naval Aircraft Factory N3N-3 F-AZNF/69

The Naval Aircraft Factory N3N was a United States two tandem-seat, open cockpit, primary training biplane aircraft. The N3N was the last biplane in US military service – the last (used by the U.S. Naval Academy for aviation familiarization) were retired in 1961.

  • Role: Biplane Trainer
  • National origin: United States of America
  • Manufacturer: Naval Aircraft Factory
  • Production line: Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
  • First flight: August 1935
  • Number built: 997 (180 N3N-1 and 816 N3N-3)

Specifications (N3N-3)

General characteristics

  • Crew: 2
  • Length: 25 ft 6 in (7.77 m)
  • Wingspan: 34 ft 0 in (10.36 m)
  • Height: 10 ft 10 in (3.3 m)
  • Wing area: 305 ft2 (28.3 m2)
  • Empty weight: 2,090 lb (948 kg)
  • Gross weight: 2,792 lb (1,266 kg)
  • Powerplant: 1 × Wright R-760-2 Whirlwind radial, 235 hp (175 kW)

Performance

  • Maximum speed: 126 mph (203 km/h)
  • Range: 470 miles (756 km)
  • Service ceiling: 15,200 ft (4,635 m)
  • Rate of climb: 900 ft/min ( m/s)

Communications were done by the instructor through a speaking tube to the aft-seated student. Communications back were agreed-upon gestures.