JEROEN VOGELAAR: Aviation Photographs

Boeing 747

Boeing 747-406(M) PH-BFE KLM

The Boeing 747 is a wide-body commercial jet airliner and cargo aircraft.

  • Role: Wide-body, long-range jet airliner
  • National origin: United States
  • Manufacturer: Boeing Commercial Airplanes
  • First flight: February 9, 1969
  • Introduction: January 22, 1970
  • Status: In service
  • Produced: 1968–present
  • Number built: 1,502 as of January 31, 2015

Variants

Boeing 747-100

First flight: February 9, 1969

The first 747-100s were built with six upper deck windows (three per side) to accommodate upstairs lounge areas. Later, as airlines began to use the upper deck for premium passenger seating instead of lounge space, Boeing offered a ten-window upper deck as an option.

General characteristics

  • Cockpit crew: 3
  • Seating capacity: 480; optional 550 (1-class, maximum)
  • Overall length: 231 ft 10 in (70.6 m)
  • Wingspan: 195 ft 8 in (59.6 m)
  • Overall height: 63 ft 5 in (19.3 m)
  • Operating empty weight: 358,000 lb (162,400 kg)
  • Maximum take-off weight: 735,000 lb (333,390 kg)
  • Cruising speed: Mach 0.84 (555 mph, 893 km/h, 481 knots )
  • Maximum speed: Mach 0.89 (594 mph, 955 km/h, 516 kn)
  • Range fully loaded: 5,300 nmi, 6,100 mi; 9,800 km
  • Engine (× 4): PW JT9D-7A/-7F/-7J RR RB211-524B2 GE CF6-45A2 (747SR)

Boeing 747-200

First flight: October 11, 1970

747-200 – The demand for longer range aircraft with increased payload quickly led to the improved −200, which featured more powerful engines, increased MTOW, and greater range than the −100.

General characteristics

  • Cockpit crew: 3
  • Seating capacity: 480; optional 550 (1-class, maximum)
  • Overall length: 231 ft 10 in (70.6 m)
  • Wingspan: 195 ft 8 in (59.6 m)
  • Overall height: 63 ft 5 in (19.3 m)
  • Operating empty weight: 383,000 lb (174,000 kg)
  • Maximum take-off weight: 833,000 lb (377,842 kg)
  • Cruising speed: Mach 0.84 (555 mph, 893 km/h, 481 knots )
  • Maximum speed: Mach 0.89 (594 mph, 955 km/h, 516 kn)
  • Range fully loaded: 6,850 nmi 7,880 mi; 12,690 km
  • Engine (× 4): PW JT9D-7R4G2 GE CF6-50E2 RR RB211-524D4

Boeing 747-300

First flight: October 5, 1982

The 747-300 features a 23-foot-4-inch-longer (7.11 m) upper deck than the −200.

General characteristics

  • Cockpit crew: 3
  • Seating capacity: 565; optional 660 (1-class)
  • Overall length: 231 ft 10 in (70.6 m)
  • Wingspan: 195 ft 8 in (59.6 m)
  • Overall height: 63 ft 5 in (19.3 m)
  • Operating empty weight: 392,800 lb (178,100 kg)
  • Maximum take-off weight: 833,000 lb (377,842 kg)
  • Cruising speed: Mach 0.84 (555 mph, 893 km/h, 481 knots )
  • Maximum speed: Mach 0.89 (594 mph, 955 km/h, 516 kn)
  • Range fully loaded: 6,700 nmi 7,700 mi; 12,400 km
  • Engine (× 4): PW JT9D-7R4G2 GE CF6-80C2B1 RR RB211-524D4

Boeing 747-400ER

First flight: April 29, 1988

The 747-400 introduced a new glass cockpit designed for a flight crew of two instead of three, with a reduction in the number of dials, gauges and knobs from 971 to 365 through the use of electronics. The type also features tail fuel tanks, revised engines, and a new interior.

General characteristics

  • Cockpit crew: 2
  • Seating capacity: 565; optional 660 (1-class)
  • Overall length: 231 ft 10 in (70.6 m)
  • Wingspan: 211 ft 5 in (64.4 m)
  • Overall height: 63 ft 6 in (19.4 m)
  • Operating empty weight: 406,900 lb (184,600 kg)
  • Maximum take-off weight: 910,000 lb (412,775 kg)
  • Cruising speed: Mach 0.855 (570 mph, 918 km/h, 495 kn)
  • Maximum speed: Mach 0.92 (614 mph, 988 km/h, 533 kn)
  • Range fully loaded: 7,670 nmi 8,830 mi; 14,200 km
  • Engine (× 4): PW 4062 GE CF6-80C2B5F RR RB211-524G/H ER: GE CF6-80C2B5F

Boeing 747-8I

First flight: March 20, 2011

The 747-800 uses the same engine and cockpit technology as the 787, hence the use of the “8”. The variant is designed to be quieter, more economical, and more environmentally friendly. The 747-8’s fuselage is lengthened from 232 to 251 feet (70.8 to 76.4 m), marking the first stretch variant of the aircraft. Power is supplied by General Electric GEnx-2B67 engines.

General characteristics

  • Cockpit crew: 2
  • Seating capacity: 605 (maximum)
  • Overall length: 250 ft 2 in (76.25 m)
  • Wingspan: 224 ft 7 in (68.5 m)
  • Overall height: 63 ft 6 in (19.4 m)
  • Operating empty weight: 472,900 lb (214,503 kg)
  • Maximum take-off weight: 987,000 lb (447,696 kg)
  • Cruising speed: Mach 0.855 (570 mph, 918 km/h, 495 kn)
  • Maximum speed: Mach 0.92 (614 mph, 988 km/h, 533 kn)
  • Range fully loaded: 8,000 nmi 9,200 mi; 15,000 km
  • Engine (× 4): GEnx-2B67