JEROEN VOGELAAR: Aviation Photographs

North American P-51 Mustang

North American P-51D Mustang H-307 Royal Netherlands Air Force

The North American Aviation P-51 Mustang was an American long-range, single-seat fighter and fighter-bomber used during World War II, the Korean War and other conflicts. The Mustang was conceived, designed and built by North American Aviation (NAA) in response to a specification issued directly to NAA by the British Purchasing Commission.

  • Role: Fighter
  • National origin: United States
  • Manufacturer: North American Aviation
  • First flight: October 26, 1940
  • Introduction: 1942
  • Status: Retired from military service 1984 (Dominican Air Force)
  • Number built: 15,000+

Specifications (P-51D Mustang)

General characteristics

  • Crew: 1
  • Length: 32 ft 3 in (9.83 m)
  • Wingspan: 37 ft 0 in (11.28 m)
  • Height: 13 ft 4½ in (4.08 m:tail wheel on ground, vertical propeller blade.)
  • Wing area: 235 sq ft (21.83 m²)
  • Airfoil: NAA/NACA 45-100 / NAA/NACA 45-100
  • Empty weight: 7,635 lb (3,465 kg)
  • Loaded weight: 9,200 lb (4,175 kg)
  • Max. takeoff weight: 12,100 lb (5,490 kg)
  • Powerplant: 1 × Packard V-1650-7 liquid-cooled supercharged V-12, 1,490 hp (1,111 kW) at 3,000 rpm; 1,720 hp (1,282 kW) at WEP
  • Zero-lift drag coefficient: 0.0163
  • Drag area: 3.80 sqft (0.35 m²)
  • Aspect ratio: 5.83

Performance

  • Maximum speed: 437 mph (380 kn, 703 km/h) at 25,000 ft (7,600 m)
  • Cruise speed: 362 mph (315 kn, 580 km/h)
  • Stall speed: 100 mph (87 kn, 160 km/h)
  • Range: 1,650 mi (1,434 nmi, 2,755 km) with external tanks
  • Service ceiling: 41,900 ft (12,800 m)
  • Rate of climb: 3,200 ft/min (16.3 m/s)
  • Wing loading: 39 lb/sqft (192 kg/m²)
  • Power/mass: 0.18 hp/lb (300 W/kg)
  • Lift-to-drag ratio: 14.6
  • Recommended Mach limit 0.8

Armament

  • 6× 0.50 caliber (12.7mm) M2 Browning machine guns with 1,880 total rounds (400 rounds for each on the inner pair, and 270 rounds for each of the outer two pair)
  • 2× hardpoints for up to 2,000 lb (907 kg) of bombs
  • 6 or 10× T64 5.0 in (127 mm) H.V.A.R rockets (P-51D-25, P-51K-10 on)