JEROEN VOGELAAR: Aviation Photographs

Classic aircraft

Messerschmitt Bf 109

Messerschmitt Bf109E-3 1407/+5 Luftwaffe

The Messerschmitt Bf 109 is a German World War II fighter aircraft.

  • Role: Fighter
  • National origin: Germany
  • Manufacturer: Bayerische Flugzeugwerke (BFW) Messerschmitt AG
  • Designer: Willy Messerschmitt, Robert Lusser
  • First flight: 29 May 1935
  • Introduction: February 1937
  • Retired: 9 May 1945 Luftwaffe, 27 December 1965 Spanish Air Force
  • Number built: 33,984, +239 Spanish-built Hispano Aviación HA-1112, +603 Czechoslovak-built Avia S-199

Operators

  • Bulgarian Air Force
  • Zrakoplovstvo Nezavisne Države Hrvatske (Croatia)
  • Czechoslovak Air Force
  • Finnish Air Force
  • Luftwaffe
  • Royal Hungarian Air Force
  • Israeli Air Force operated the Avia S-199
  • Regia Aeronautica (Italy)
  • Aeronautica Nazionale Repubblicana (Italy)
  • Imperial Japanese Army Air Force
  • Royal Romanian Air Force
  • Slovenské vzdušné zbrane
  • Slovak Insurgent Air Force
  • Spanish Air Force
  • Swiss Air Force
  • Royal Yugoslav Air Force
  • SFR Yugoslav Air Force

Messerschmitt Bf109E-3 1407/+5 Luftwaffe

Specifications (Bf 109 G-6)

General characteristics

  • Crew: One
  • Length: 8.95 m (29 ft 7 in)
  • Wingspan: 9.925 m (32 ft 6 in)
  • Height: 2.60 m (8 ft 2 in)
  • Wing area: 16.05 m² (173.3 ft²)
  • Empty weight: 2,247 kg (5,893 lb)
  • Loaded weight: 3,148 kg (6,940 lb)
  • Max. takeoff weight: 3,400 kg (7,495 lb)
  • Powerplant: 1 × Daimler-Benz DB 605A-1 liquid-cooled inverted V12, 1,475 PS (1,455 hp, 1,085 kW)
  • Propellers: VDM 9-12087 three-bladed light-alloy propeller
    • Propeller diameter: 3 m (9 ft 10 in)

Performance

  • Maximum speed: 640 km/h (398 mph) at 6,300 m (20,669 ft)
  • Cruise speed: 590 km/h (365 mph) at 6,000 m (19,680 ft)
  • Range: 850 km (528 mi) 1,000 km (621 mi) with droptank
  • Service ceiling: 12,000 m (39,370 ft)
  • Rate of climb: 17.0 m/s (3,345 ft/min)
  • Wing loading: 196 kg/m² (40 lb/ft²)
  • Power/mass: 344 W/kg (0.21 hp/lb)

Armament

  • Guns:
    • 2 × 13 mm (.51 in) synchronized MG 131 machine guns with 300 rounds per gun
    • 1 × 20 mm (.78 in) MG 151/20 cannon as Motorkanone with 200 rpg.
    • 1 x 30 mm (1.18 in) MK 108 cannon as Motorkanone with 65 rpg (G-6/U4 variant)
    • 2 × 20 mm MG 151/20 underwing cannon pods with 135 rpg (optional kit—Rüstsatz VI)
  • Rockets: 2 × 21 cm (8 in) Wfr. Gr. 21 rockets (G-6 with BR21)
  • Bombs: 1 × 250 kg (551 lb) bomb or 4 × 50 kg (110 lb) bombs or 1 × 300-litre (79 US gal) drop tank

Avionics

  • FuG 16Z radio

Junkers Ju 88

Junkers Ju 88 A-5, Werk Nr. 0886146/CV+VP Luftwaffe

The Junkers Ju 88 was a German World War II Luftwaffe twin-engined multirole combat aircraft. It was used successfully as a bomber, dive bomber, night fighter, torpedo bomber, reconnaissance aircraft, heavy fighter and even, during the closing stages of the conflict in Europe, as a flying bomb.

  • Role: Multirole combat aircraft
  • National origin: Germany
  • Manufacturer: Junkers Flugzeug- und Motorenwerke
  • First flight: 21 December 1936
  • Introduction: 1939
  • Status: 5 aircraft in museums
  • Number built: 15,183

Operators

  • Bulgarian Air Force
  • Finnish Air Force
  • Armée de l’Air (France)
  • French Navy
  • Luftwaffe
  • Royal Hungarian Air Force
  • Regia Aeronautica Italy
  • Royal Romanian Air Force
  • Royal Air Force operated at least five captured aircraft
  • Soviet Air Force
  • Spanish Air Force

Specifications Ju 88 A-4

General characteristics

  • Crew: 4 (pilot, bombardier/front gunner, radio operator/rear gunner, navigator/ventral gunner)
  • Length: 14.36 m (47 ft 2⅞ in)
  • Wingspan: 20.08 m (65 ft 10½ in)
  • Height: 5.07 m (16.63 ft)
  • Wing area: 54.7 m2 (587 ft2)
  • Loaded weight: 8,550 kg (18,832 lb)
  • Max. takeoff weight: 14,000 kg (30,865 lb)
  • Powerplant: 2 × Junkers Jumo 211J liquid-cooled inverted V-12, 1,044 kW (1,420 PS, 1,401 hp) each

Performance

  • Maximum speed: 510 km/h (317 mph) at 5,300 m (17,389 ft) without external bomb racks or 433 km/h (269 mph) at 4,500 m (14,765 ft) at 14,000 kg (30,865 lb)
  • Range: 2,430 km (1,429 mi) maximum internal fuel
  • Service ceiling: 9,000 m (29,500 ft) at average weight, without bombs
  • Rate of climb: 235 m/min (770 ft/min)

Armament

  • Guns:
    • 1 × 7.92 mm MG 81J machine gun on flexible mount in front windscreen, firing forward with 1,000 rounds.
    • 1 × 7.92 mm MG 81J machine gun on flexible mount in lower fuselage nose glazing, firing forward with 1,000 rounds.
    • 2 × 7.92 mm MG 81J machine guns on flexible mount in the rear of the cockpit canopy, firing aft with 1,000 rounds each.
    • 1 × 7.92 mm MG 81Z twin machine gun on flexible mount in the rear ventral Bola position, firing aft with 1,000 rounds.
  • Bombs: Up to 1,400 kilograms (3,100 lb) of ordnance internally in two bomb bays rated at 900 kg (2,000 lb) and 500 kg (1,100 lb) or up to 3,000 kg (6,600 lb) externally. Carrying bombs externally increased weight and drag and impaired the aircraft’s performance. Carrying the maximum load usually required rocket-assisted take-off.
Armament options
  • Additional option for a pair of 7.92 mm (.312 in) MG 15 machine guns on flexible “Donut” mountings firing laterally, one on each side of the cockpit canopy.
  • A single 13 mm (.51 in) MG 131 machine gun was sometimes used instead of the 7.92 mm (.312 in) MG 81J or MG 81Z machine guns in the A-Stand, B-Stand or ventral Bola positions.
  • Aircraft may carry one 20 mm MG FF cannon in the nose for ground attack purposes, with 90 rounds of ammunition, in place of the Lotfernrohr 7 bombsight
  • A modification of the Ju 88 A-4, the Ju 88 A-13 could mount the Waffenbehälter WB 81A or WB 81B (firing with 15° downwards deflection) gun pods on the external bomb racks for ground attack duties, each “watering can” containing three 7.92 mm (.312 in) MG 81Z twin machine guns, for strafing enemy troops.

Specifications Ju 88 G-1 Night Fighter

Ju 88 G-1 Night Fighter

General characteristics

  • Crew: 3
  • Length: 15.50 m (without radar) (50.85 ft)
  • Wingspan: 20.08 m (65.88 ft)
  • Height: 5.07 m (16.63 ft)
  • Wing area: 54.7 m2 (587 ft2)
  • Empty weight: 9,081 kg (20,020 lb)
  • Loaded weight: 13,100 kg (28,880 lb)
  • Max. takeoff weight: 14,690 kg (32,385 lb) (overload)
  • Powerplant: 2 × BMW 801G-2 double-row radials, 1,250 kW (1,700 PS, 1,677 hp) each

Performance

  • Maximum speed: 550 km/h (342 mph) at 8,500 m (27,890 ft)
  • Range: 2,500 km (1,553 mi)
  • Service ceiling: 9,900 m (32,480 ft)
  • Wing loading: 240 kg/m2 (49.2 lb/ft2)
  • Power/mass: 0.18 kW/kg (0.12 hp/lb)
  • Endurance: 4 hours

Armament

  • Guns:
    • 4 × 20 mm MG 151/20 cannons, firing forwards from an integral ventral gun pod.
    • 1 or 2 × 13 mm (.51 in) MG 131 machine guns in the rear cockpit, firing rearwards.
    • 1 or 2 × 20 mm MG 151/20s as Schräge Musik, firing forwards and upwards at an 30- to 45-degree angle, Optional.

Arado Ar 96

Arado Ar 96 B-1 U-CF Luftwaffe

The Arado Ar 96 was a German single-engine, low-wing monoplane of all-metal construction military trainer produced by Arado Flugzeugwerke.

  • Role: Military Trainer
  • National origin: Germany
  • Manufacturer: Arado Flugzeugwerke
  • First flight: 1938
  • Introduction: 1939
  • Status: 2 aircraft in museums
  • Number built: ca 3,500

Operators

  • Bulgarian Air Force
  • Czechoslovakian Air Force
  • French Air Force (Postwar)
  • Luftwaffe
  • Hungarian Air Force
  • Romanian Air Force
  • Slovenské vzdušné zbrane

Arado Ar 96 B-1 U-CF Luftwaffe

Survivors

Specifications (Arado Ar 96B-2)

General characteristics

  • Crew: 2
  • Length: 9.1 m (29 ft 10 in)
Ar 396A-1: 9.3 m (31 ft)
  • Wingspan: 11 m (36 ft 1 in)
  • Height: 2.6 m (8 ft 6 in)
Ar 396A-1: 2.45 m (8 ft)
  • Wing area: 17.1 m2 (184 sq ft)
Ar 396A-1: 18.3 m2 (197 sq ft)
  • Empty weight: 1,295 kg (2,855 lb)
Ar 396A-1: 1,643 kg (3,622 lb)
  • Max takeoff weight: 1,700 kg (3,748 lb)
Ar 396A-1: 2,060 kg (4,542 lb)
  • Powerplant: 1 × Argus As 410A-1 inverted V-12 air-cooled piston engine, 347 kW (465 hp)
Ar 396A-1: 1 x 433 kW (581 hp) Argus As 411MA inverted V-12 air-cooled piston engine
  • Propellers: 2-bladed variable pitch metal propeller

Performance

  • Maximum speed: 330 km/h (205 mph; 178 kn) at sea level
  • Cruising speed: 295 km/h (183 mph; 159 kn)
Ar 396A-1: 275 km/h (171 mph) at sea level
  • Range: 990 km (615 mi; 535 nmi)
Ar 396A-1: 600 km (373 mi)
  • Service ceiling: 7,100 m (23,294 ft)
Ar 396A-1: 6,900 m (22,638 ft)
  • Rate of climb: 5.083 m/s (1,000.6 ft/min)
  • Time to altitude:
Ar 396A-1: 4,000 m (13,123 ft) in 10 minutes 18 seconds
Armament

1 × 7.92 mm (0.312 in) MG 17 machine gun

Ar 396A-1: 1 × 7.92 mm (0.312 in) MG 17 machine gun + 2 x 50 kg (110 lb) bombs on underwing racks

Lockheed F-104 Starfighter

Lockheed F-104G Starfighter D-8030 ex Royal Netherlands Air Forc

The Lockheed F-104 Starfighter is a single-engine, supersonic interceptor aircraft originally developed by Lockheed for the United States Air Force (USAF).

  • Role: Interceptor aircraft, fighter-bomber
  • National origin: United States
  • Manufacturer: Lockheed
  • First flight: 17 February 1956
  • Introduction: 20 February 1958
  • Status: Retired 2004 Italy
  • Number built: 2,578
  • Developed from: Lockheed XF-104
  • Variants: Lockheed NF-104A, Canadair CF-104, Aeritalia F-104S

Operators

  • Belgium Air Force
  • Canadian Air Force
  • Danish Air Force
  • German Air Force
  • Hellenic Air Force (Greece)
  • Italian Air Force
  • Japan Self Defence Air Force
  • Jordanian Air Force
  • Royal Netherlands Air Force
  • Royal Norwegian Air Force
  • Pakistan Air Force
  • Republic of China Air Force (Taiwan)
  • Spanish Air Force
  • Turkish Air Force
  • United States Air Force

Specifications (F-104G)

General characteristics

  • Crew: 1
  • Length: 54 ft 8 in (16.66 m)
  • Wingspan: 21 ft 9 in (6.36 m)
  • Height: 13 ft 6 in (4.09 m)
  • Wing area: 196.1 sq ft (18.22 m²)
  • Airfoil: Biconvex 3.36% root and tip
  • Empty weight: 14,000 lb (6,350 kg)
  • Loaded weight: 20,640 lb (9,365 kg)
  • Max. takeoff weight: 29,027 lb (13,170 kg)
  • Powerplant: 1 × General Electric J79-GE-11A afterburning turbojet
    • Dry thrust: 10,000 lbf (48 kN)
    • Thrust with afterburner: 15,600 lbf (69 kN)
  • Zero-lift drag coefficient: 0.0172
  • Drag area: 3.37 sq ft (0.31 m²)
  • Aspect ratio: 2.45

Performance

  • Maximum speed: 1,328 mph (Mach 2.01, 1,154 kn, 2,137 km/h)
  • Combat radius: 420 mi (365 nmi, 670 km)
  • Ferry range: 1,630 mi (1,420 nm, 2,623 km)
  • Service ceiling: 50,000 ft (15,000 m)
  • Rate of climb: 48,000 ft/min (244 m/s)
  • Wing loading: 105 lb/(sq ft) (514 kg/m²)
  • Thrust/weight: 0.54 with max. takeoff weight (0.76 loaded)
  • Lift-to-drag ratio: 9.2

Armament

  • Guns: 1 × 20 mm (0.787 in) M61A1 Vulcan 6-barreled Gatling cannon, 725 rounds
  • Hardpoints: 7 with a capacity of 4,000 lb (1,814 kg) and provisions to carry combinations of:
    • Missiles: 4 × AIM-9 Sidewinder
    • Other: Bombs, rockets, or other stores

Piper PA-18 Super Cub

Piper PA-18-150 Super Cub HB-PAV/V-654 Swiss Air Force

The Piper PA-18 Super Cub is a two-seat, single-engine monoplane. Introduced in 1949 by Piper Aircraft.

  • Role: Light utility aircraft
  • Manufacturer: Piper Aircraft
  • First flight: 1949
  • Produced: 1949-1983; 1988-1994
  • Status: Active service
  • Number built: 15.000
  • Developed from: Piper PA-11

Military operators

  • Austrian Air Force
  • Belgian Army
  • Federal German Luftwaffe
  • Imperial Iranian Air Force
  • Italian Army
  • Israeli Air Force
  • Force Aérienne Katangaise
  • Netherlands Army
  • Nicaraguan Air Force
  • Japanese Army
  • Royal Norwegian Air Force
  • Portuguese Army
  • Portuguese Air Force
  • Swedish Army
  • Swiss Air Force
  • Turkish Army
  • Uganda
  • Uruguay
  • United States Air Force
  • United States Army

Specifications (PA-18-150 landplane)

General characteristics

  • Crew: 1
  • Capacity: 1 passenger
  • Length: 22 ft 7 in (6.88 m)
  • Wingspan: 35 ft 2½ in (10.73 m)
  • Height: 6 ft 8½ in (2.02 m)
  • Wing area: 178.5 sq ft (16.58 m²)
  • Airfoil: USA 35B
  • Aspect ratio: 7:1
  • Empty weight: 930 lb (422 kg)
  • Max. takeoff weight: 1,750 lb (794 kg)
  • Powerplant: 1 × Lycoming O-320 air-cooled flat four, 150 hp (112 kW)

Performance

  • Never exceed speed: 132 knots (246 km/h, 153 mph)
  • Maximum speed: 113 knots (208 km/h, 130 mph) at sea level
  • Cruise speed: 100 kts (185 km/h, 115 mph) (75% power)
  • Stall speed: 38 knots (69 km/h, 43 mph) flaps down
  • Range: 399 nmi (735 km, 460 mi)
  • Service ceiling: 19,000 ft (5,595 m)

 

North American T-28 Trojan

North American T-28B Trojan N1328B/55-138354/TL-354

The North American Aviation T-28 Trojan was a piston-engined military trainer aircraft used by the United States Air Force and United States Navy beginning in the 1950s. T-28S Fennec are ex-USAF T-28As converted in 1959 for use by the French Armee de l’Air.

  • Role: Trainer aircraft
  • National origin: United States
  • Manufacturer: North American Aviation
  • First flight: 24 September 1949
  • Introduction: 1950
  • Produced: 1950–57
  • Status: Retired from military service 1994 Philippine Air Force
  • Number built: 1,948

Operators

  • Argentine Air Force – 34 T-28A
  • Argentine Naval Aviation 65 ex-French Air Force T-28S Fennec aircraft
  • Bolivian Air Force at least six T-28D
  • Brazilian Navy – 18 T-28C
  • Air Force of the Democratic Republic of the Congo – 14 T-28C, 3 T-28B, 10 T-28D
  • Cuban Air Force – 10
  • Dominican Air Force
  • Ecuadorian Air Force – nine T-28A
  • Ethiopian Air Force – 12 T-28A and 12 T-28D
  • French Air Force – 148 T-28A airframes modified in France (1959) to make the T-28S Fennec COIN model
  • Haitian Air Force – 12 ex-French Air Force
  • Honduran Air Force – eight former Moroccan Air Force Fennecs
  • Japanese Air Self-Defense Force
  • Khmer National Air Force operated 47 T-28
  • Royal Lao Air Force – 55 T-28D
  • Mexican Air Force – 32 T-28A
  • Royal Moroccan Air Force – 25 Fennec
  • Nicaraguan Air Force – six T-28D
  • Philippine Air Force – 12 T-28A
  • Republic of Korea Air Force
  • Royal Saudi Air Force
  • Vietnam Air Force
  • Tunisian Air Force – Fennec
  • ROC Air Force (Taiwan)
  • Royal Thai Air Force – 88 T-28Ds delivered
  • United States Army
  • United States Air Force – 1194 T-28A, of which 360 converted to “D”
  • United States Navy – 489 T-28B and 299 T-28C
  • Uruguayan Naval Aviation – Fennec
  • Vietnam People’s Air Force
  • Zaire

North American T-28A Fennec F-AZKG/82

Specifications (T-28D)

General characteristics

  • Crew: Two
  • Length: 33 ft 0 in (10.06 m)
  • Wingspan: 40 ft 1 in (12.22 m)
  • Height: 12 ft 8 in (3.86 m)
  • Wing area: 268 ft² (24.9 m²)
  • Empty weight: 6,424 lb (2,914 kg)
  • Max. takeoff weight: 8,500 lb (10,500 lb with combat stores) (3,856 kg)
  • Powerplant: 1 × Wright R-1820-86 Cyclone radial engine, 1,425 hp (1,063 kW)

Performance

  • Maximum speed: 343 mph (552 km/h)
  • Service ceiling: 39,000 ft (10,820 m)
  • Rate of climb: 4,000 fpm (20.3 m/s)

Armament

  • two or six × wing-mounted pylons capable of carrying bombs, napalm, rockets. machine gun pods containing .30 in (7.62 mm) (training), .50 in (D-model) or twin pods with .50 in (12.7 mm) and 20 mm (.79 in) cannon (Fennec)

Avro Lancaster

Avro Lancaster B.1 PA474 Battle of Britain Memorial Flight RAF

The Avro Lancaster is a British four-engined Second World War heavy bomber designed and built by Avro for the Royal Air Force (RAF).

  • Role: Heavy bomber
  • Manufacturer: Avro
  • First flight: 9 January 1941
  • Introduction: February 1942
  • Retired: 1963 (Canada)
  • Status: Retired
  • Number built: 7,377

Operators

  • Argentina
  • Australia
  • Canada
  • Egypt
  • France
  • Poland
  • Soviet Union
  • Sweden
  • United Kingdom

Avro Lancaster B.1 PA474 Battle of Britain Memorial Flight RAF

Specifications (Lancaster B.1)

General characteristics

  • Crew: 7: pilot, flight engineer, navigator, bomb aimer/nose gunner, wireless operator, mid-upper and rear gunners
  • Length: 69 ft 4 in (21.11 m)
  • Wingspan: 102 ft 0 in (31.09 m)
  • Height: 20 ft 6 in (6.25 m)
  • Wing area: 1,297 sq ft (120.5 m²)
  • Empty weight: 36,457 lb (16,571 kg)
  • Loaded weight: 68,000 lb (30,909 kg)
  • Max. takeoff weight: 72,000 lb (32,727 kg) with 22,000 lb (10,000 kg) bomb
  • Powerplant: 4 × Rolls-Royce Merlin XX liquid-cooled V12 engines, 1,280 hp (954 kW) each

Performance

  • Maximum speed: 282 mph (246 knots, 454 km/h) at 63,000 lb (29,000 kg) and 13,000 lb (5,900 kg) altitude
  • Cruise speed: 200 mph (174 knots, 322 km/h)
  • Range: 2,530 mi (2,200 nmi, 4,073 km)
  • Service ceiling: 21,400 ft (6,500 m) at 63,000 lb (29,000 kg)
  • Rate of climb: 720 ft/min (3.7 m/s) at 63,000 lb (29,000 kg) and 9,200 ft (2,800 m) altitude

Armament

  • Guns: 2 Browning .303 Mark II machine guns in nose turret, 2 Browning .303 Mark II machine guns in upper turret, and 4 Browning .303 Mark II machine guns in the rear turret.
  • Bombs: Maximum normal bomb load of 14,000 lb (6,350 kg) or 22,000 lb (9,979 kg) Grand Slam with modifications to bomb bay.

Curtiss P-6 Hawk

Aviolanda Curtiss P-6E Hawk I C.319 ML-KNIL

The Curtiss P-6 Hawk was an American single-engine biplane fighter introduced into service in the late 1920s with the United States Army Air Corps and operated until the late 1930s prior to the outbreak of World War II.

  • Role: Fighter
  • Manufacturer: Curtiss Aeroplane and Motor Company
  • First flight: 1927
  • Introduction: 1927
  • Number built: 70

Operators

  • Bolivian Air Force
  • Republic of China Air Force
  • Cuban Air Force
  • Japan bought one P-6S
  • Royal Netherlands East Indies Army Air Force
  • United States Army Air Corps

Specifications (P-6E)

General characteristics

  • Crew: one
  • Length: 25 ft 2 in (7.67 m)
  • Wingspan: 31 ft 6 in (9.6 m)
  • Height: 8 ft 10 in (2.69 m)
  • Wing area: 252 ft² (23.41 m²)
  • Empty weight: 2,669 lb (1,224 kg)
  • Max. takeoff weight: 3,436 lb (1,559 kg)
  • Powerplant: 1 × Curtiss V-1570C Conqueror liquid-cooled V12 engine, 700 hp (522 kW)

Performance

  • Maximum speed: 204 mph (177 kn, 328 km/h)
  • Cruise speed: 167 mph (145 kn, 269 km/h)
  • Range: 285 mi (248 nmi, 459 km)
  • Service ceiling: 24,700 ft (7,529 m)
  • Rate of climb: 2,480 ft/min (12.6 m/s)

Armament

  • 2 × .30 in (7.62 mm) machine guns

Brewster F2A Buffalo

Brewster B-339C Buffalo B-3107 Militaire Luchtvaart KNIL (Nether

The Brewster F2A Buffalo was an American fighter aircraft which saw service early in World War II. It was one of the first U.S. monoplanes with an arrestor hook and other modifications for aircraft carriers.

  • Role: Single seat fighter
  • National origin: United States
  • Manufacturer: Brewster Aeronautical Corporation
  • First flight: 2 December 1937
  • Introduction: April 1939
  • Retired: 1948
  • Production: 1938–1941
  • Number built: 509

Operators

  • Royal Australian Air Force
  • Finnish Air Force
  • Japan Captured Buffalos were repaired and test flown, both in Japanese markings, and – starring in recreated combat footage – in incorrect RAF markings
  • Militaire Luchtvaart KNIL (Netherlands)
  • Royal New Zealand Air Force
  • Royal Air Force
  • Royal Navy Fleet Air Arm
  • United States Army Air Forces
  • United States Marine Corps
  • United States Navy

Specifications (F2A-3)

General characteristics

  • Crew: one
  • Length: 26 ft 4 in (8.03 m)
  • Wingspan: 35 ft 0 in (10.67 m)
  • Height: 12 ft 0 in (3.66 m)
  • Wing area: 209 sq ft (19.4 m2)
  • Empty weight: 4,732 lb (2,146 kg)
  • Max takeoff weight: 7,159 lb (3,247 kg)
  • Powerplant: 1 × Wright R-1820-40 Cyclone 9 9-cyl air-cooled radial piston engine, 1,200 hp (890 kW)

Performance

  • Maximum speed: 321 mph (517 km/h; 279 kn)
  • Cruise speed: 161 mph (140 kn; 259 km/h)
  • Range: 965 mi (839 nmi; 1,553 km)
  • Service ceiling: 33,200 ft (10,119 m)
  • Rate of climb: 2,440 ft/min (12.4 m/s)

Armament

  • Guns:
  • 2 × 0.50 in (12.7 mm) nose-mounted M2 Browning machine guns
  • 2 × 0.50 in (12.7 mm) wing-mounted M2 Browning machine guns

Fokker D.VII

Fokker D.VII (replica) 266 Luchtvaartafdeeling (Netherlands Air Force)

The Fokker D.VII was a German World War I fighter aircraft designed by Reinhold Platz of the Fokker-Flugzeugwerke.

  • Role: Fighter
  • National origin: Germany
  • Manufacturer: Fokker-Flugzeugwerke
  • Designer: Reinhold Platz
  • First flight: January 1918
  • Introduction: 1918
  • Status: Privately owned, or in museums
  • Produced: 1918–1928
  • Number built: Over 3,200

Operators

  • Argentine Naval Aviation
  • Austro-Hungarian Navy
  • Belgian Air Force
  • Bulgarian Air Force
  • Czechoslovakia
  • Royal Danish Air Force
  • Finnish Air Force
  • Germany: Luftstreitkrafte, Kaiserliche Marine
  • Hungarian Air Force
  • Netherlands: Luchtvaartafdeling
  • Latvian Air Force
  • Lithuania
  • Polish Air Force
  • Royal Romanian Air Force
  • Soviet Air Force
  • Swedish Air Force
  • Swiss Air Force
  • Ottoman Air Force
  • United States Army Air Service
  • United States Marine Corps

Specifications (D.VII with Mercedes D.III engine)

General characteristics

  • Crew: 1
  • Length: 6.954 m (22 ft 10 in)
  • Wingspan: 8.9 m (29 ft 2 in)
  • Height: 2.75 m (9 ft 0 in)
  • Wing area: 20.5 m2 (221 sq ft)
  • Empty weight: 670 kg (1,477 lb)
  • Gross weight: 906 kg (1,997 lb)
  • Powerplant: 1 × Mercedes D.III 6-cyl. water-cooled in-line piston engine, 120 kW (160 hp)
    • or 1 × 130.5 kW (175 hp) Mercedes D.IIIa 6-cyl. water-cooled in-line piston engine
    • or 1 × 137.95 kW (185 hp) BMW IIIa 6-cyl. water-cooled in-line piston engine (240hp rating at low level, emergency only, risk of engine damage.)

Performance

  • Maximum speed: 189 km/h (117 mph; 102 kn)
    • BMW IIIa engine – 200 km/h (124 mph)
  • Service ceiling: 6,000 m (19,685 ft)
  • Rate of climb: 3.92 m/s (772 ft/min)
    • BMW IIIa engine – 9.52 metres per second (1,874 ft/min)
  • Time to altitude:
    • 1,000 m (3,281 ft) in 4 minutes 15 seconds (1 minutes 40 seconds w/ BMW IIIa)
    • 2,000 m (6,562 ft) in 8 minutes 18 seconds (4 minutes 5 seconds w/ BMW IIIa)
    • 3,000 m (9,843 ft) in 13 minutes 49 seconds (7 minutes 0 seconds w/ BMW IIIa)
    • 4,000 m (13,123 ft) in 22 minutes 48 seconds (10 minutes 15 seconds w/ BMW IIIa)
    • 5,000 m (16,404 ft) in 38 minutes 5 seconds (14 minutes 0 seconds w/ BMW IIIa)
    • 6,000 m (19,685 ft) (18 minutes 45 seconds w/ BMW IIIa)

    Armament

  • Guns: 2 × 7.92 mm (.312 in) LMG 08/15 “Spandau” machine guns