JEROEN VOGELAAR: Aviation Photographs

Classic aircraft

Naval Aircraft Factory N3N

Naval Aircraft Factory N3N-3 F-AZNF/69

The Naval Aircraft Factory N3N was a United States two tandem-seat, open cockpit, primary training biplane aircraft. The N3N was the last biplane in US military service – the last (used by the U.S. Naval Academy for aviation familiarization) were retired in 1961.

  • Role: Biplane Trainer
  • National origin: United States of America
  • Manufacturer: Naval Aircraft Factory
  • Production line: Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
  • First flight: August 1935
  • Number built: 997 (180 N3N-1 and 816 N3N-3)

Specifications (N3N-3)

General characteristics

  • Crew: 2
  • Length: 25 ft 6 in (7.77 m)
  • Wingspan: 34 ft 0 in (10.36 m)
  • Height: 10 ft 10 in (3.3 m)
  • Wing area: 305 ft2 (28.3 m2)
  • Empty weight: 2,090 lb (948 kg)
  • Gross weight: 2,792 lb (1,266 kg)
  • Powerplant: 1 × Wright R-760-2 Whirlwind radial, 235 hp (175 kW)

Performance

  • Maximum speed: 126 mph (203 km/h)
  • Range: 470 miles (756 km)
  • Service ceiling: 15,200 ft (4,635 m)
  • Rate of climb: 900 ft/min ( m/s)

Communications were done by the instructor through a speaking tube to the aft-seated student. Communications back were agreed-upon gestures.

Boeing-Stearman Kaydet

Boeing-Stearman N2S-3 Kaydet F-AZJR/741

The Stearman (Boeing) Model 75 is a biplane used as a military trainer aircraft, of which at least 10,626 were built in the United States during the 1930s and 1940s. Stearman Aircraft became a subsidiary of Boeing in 1934. Widely known as the Stearman, Boeing Stearman or Kaydet, it served as a primary trainer for the USAAF, the USN (as the NS & N2S), and with the RCAF as the Kaydet throughout World War II.

  • Role: Biplane Trainer
  • National origin: United States of America
  • Manufacturer: Stearman Aircraft / Boeing
  • First flight: 1934
  • Number built: 10,626

Specifications (PT-17)

General characteristics

  • Crew: two, student and instructor
  • Length: 24 ft 9 in (7.54 m)
  • Wingspan: 32 ft 2 in (9.81 m)
  • Height: 9 ft 8 in (3 m)
  • Wing area: 298 sq ft (27.7 m²)
  • Empty weight: 1,931 lb (878 kg)
  • Max. takeoff weight: 2,635 lb (1,200 kg)
  • Powerplant: 1 × Continental R-670-5 seven-cylinder air-cooled radial engine, 220 hp (164 kW)

Performance

  • Maximum speed: 135 mph (117 knots, 217 km/h)
  • Cruise speed: 96 mph (83 knots, 155 km/h)
  • Service ceiling: 13,200 ft (4,024 m)
  • Climb to 10,000 ft (3,330 m): 17.3 min

North American NA-68

North American NA-68 F-AZHD/79413/7

North American P-64 (also named NA-68) was the designation assigned by the United States Army Air Corps (USAAC) to the North American Aviation NA-68 fighter, an upgraded variant of the NA-50 developed during the late 1930s.

  • Role: Single-seat Fighter
  • National origin: United States of America
  • Manufacturer: North American Aviation
  • First flight: May 1939 (NA-50), 1 September 1940 (NA-68)
  • Number built: 13

Specifications (NA-68/P-64)

General characteristics

  • Crew: One
  • Length: 27 ft (8.23 m)
  • Wingspan: 37 ft 3 in (11.35 m)
  • Height: 19 ft 8 in (5.99 m)
  • Wing area: 227 ft² (21.1 m²)
  • Empty weight: 4,660 lb (2,114 kg)
  • Loaded weight: 5,990 lb (2,717 kg)
  • Max. takeoff weight: 6,800 lb (3,080 kg)
  • Powerplant: 1 × Wright R-1820-77 radial engine, 870 hp (649 kW)

Performance

  • Maximum speed: 270 mph (435 km/h) at 8,700 ft (2,650 m)
  • Range: 965 mi (1,550 km)
  • Service ceiling: 27,500 ft (8,400 m)
  • Wing loading: 26 lb/ft² (129 kg/m²)
  • Power/mass: 0.13 hp/lb (0.21 kW/kg)

Armament

  • 2 × .30 in (7.62 mm) machine guns
  • 2 × 20 mm cannons
  • Up to 400 lb (180 kg) of bombs

BAT F.K.23 Bantam

BAT F.K.23 Bantam I K-123 RAF

The BAT F.K.23 Bantam was a British single-seat fighter biplane produced by British Aerial Transport Company Limited of London during World War I. The F.K.23 Bantam I was designed by the Dutch Frits Koolhoven.

  • Role: Single-seat Fighter
  • National origin: United Kingdom
  • Manufacturer: British Aerial Transport Company Limited
  • Designer: Frits Koolhoven
  • First flight: January 1918
  • Introduction: 1921
  • Number built: 15

Military operators

  • French Air Force 1 aircraft
  • Netherlands, Koolhoven factory operated 1 aircraft.
  • Royal Air Force 1 aircraft.
  • United States Army Air Corps received 1 aircraft

BAT F.K.23 Bantam I K-123 RAF

One aircraft, registered K-123, is on display at the Rijksmuseum in Amsterdam, Netherlands

Specifications (F.K.23 Bantam)

General characteristics

  • Crew: 1
  • Capacity: 378 lb (171.46 kg) disposable load
  • Length: 18 ft 5 in (5.61 m)
  • Wingspan: 25 ft (7.6 m)
  • Height: 8 ft 2 in (2.49 m)
  • Wing area: 185 sq ft (17.2 m2)
  • Empty weight: 830 lb (376 kg)
  • Gross weight: 1,333 lb (605 kg)
  • Fuel capacity: 22 imp gal (100.01 l; 26.42 US gal)
  • Powerplant: 1 × ABC Wasp II 7-cyl. air-cooled radial piston engine, 200 hp (150 kW)
  • Propellers: 2-bladed BAT tractor 5 ft 4 in (1.63 m) pitch, 7 ft 10.5 in (2.400 m) diameter

Performance

  • Maximum speed: 138 mph (222 km/h; 120 kn) at sea level
  • 134 mph (216 km/h; 116 kn) at 10,000 ft (3,048.00 m)
  • 127 mph (204 km/h; 110 kn) at 15,000 ft (4,572.00 m)
  • 121 mph (195 km/h; 105 kn) at 20,000 ft (6,096.00 m)
  • Landingspeed: 50 mph (80 km/h; 43 kn)
  • Endurance: 3 hours 30 minutes
  • Service ceiling: 20,000 ft (6,096 m)
  • Rate of climb: 1,579 ft/min (8.02 m/s)
  • Time to altitude: 5,000 ft (1,524.00 m) in 3 minutes 10 seconds
  • 10,000 ft (3,048.00 m) in 7 minutes 12 seconds
  • 15,000 ft (4,572.00 m) in 21 minutes 29 seconds
  • Wing loading: 7.2 lb/sq ft (35 kg/m2)
  • Power/mass: 0.1274 hp/lb (0.21 kW/kg)

Armament

  • Guns: 2× forward firing, synchronised 0.303 in (7.7 mm) Vickers machine guns

North American B-25 Mitchell

North American B-25N Mitchell PH-XXV/232511/N5-149 Royal Netherl

The North American B-25 Mitchell was an American twin-engined medium bomber manufactured by North American Aviation. It was used by many Allied air forces, in every theater of World War II, as well as many other air forces after the war ended, and saw service across four decades.

  • Role: Medium bomber
  • National origin: United States of America
  • Manufacturer: North American Aviation
  • First flight: 19 August 1940
  • Introduction: 1941
  • Status: Retired
  • Produced:
  • Number built: 9,816

Military operators B-25 Mitchell

  • Royal Australian Air Force 50
  • Biafran Air Force 2
  • Fuerza Aérea Boliviana 13
  • Brazilian Air Force 75
  • Royal Canadian Air Force 164
  • Republic of China Air Force 180
  • People’s Liberation Army Air Force
  • Fuerza Aérea de Chile 12
  • Fuerza Aérea Colombiana 3
  • Fuerza Aérea del Ejército de Cuba 6
  • Dominican Air Force 5
  • Armée de l’Air 11
  • Free French Air Force 18
  • Indonesian Air Force
  • Mexican Air Force 3
  • Royal Netherlands Air Force 62
  • Dutch Naval Aviation Service 107
  • Royal Netherlands East Indies Army Air Force 149
  • Cuerpo Aeronáutico del Perú 8
  • Ejército del Aire 1
  • Soviet Air Force (Voyenno-Vozdushnye Sily or VVS) 886
  • Royal Air Force 900+
  • United States Army Air Forces
  • United States Marine Corps
  • United States Navy 706
  • Fuerza Aérea Uruguaya 15
  • Fuerza Aérea Venezolana 24

Specifications (B-25H)

General characteristics

  • Crew: 6 (one pilot, one co-pilot, navigator/bombardier, turret gunner/engineer, radio operator/waist gunner, tail gunner)
  • Length: 52 ft 11 in (16.13 m)
  • Wingspan: 67 ft 7 in (20.60 m)
  • Height: 16 ft 4 in (4.98 m)
  • Wing area: 610 sq ft (56.7 m²)
  • Empty weight: 19,480 lb (8,855 kg)
  • Max. takeoff weight: 35,000 lb (15,910 kg)
  • Powerplant: 2 × Wright R-2600-92 Twin Cyclone 14-cylinder air-cooled radial engine, 1,700 hp (1,267 kW) each

Performance

  • Maximum speed: 272 mph (237 kn, 438 km/h) at 13,000 ft (3,960 m)
  • Cruise speed: 230 mph (200 knots, 370 km/h)
  • Range: 1,350 mi (1,174 nmi, 2,174 km)
  • Service ceiling: 24,200 ft (7,378 m)

Armament

  • Guns: 12–18 × .50 in (12.7 mm) machine guns and 75 mm (2.95 in) T13E1 cannon
  • Hardpoints: 2,000 lb (900 kg) ventral shackles to hold one external Mark 13 torpedo
  • Rockets: racks for eight 5 in (127 mm) high velocity aircraft rockets (HVAR)
  • Bombs: 3,000 lb (1,360 kg) bombs

Junkers Ju 52

Junkers (CASA) 352L (Ju-52) F-AZJU AZ+JU Luftwaffe

The Junkers Ju 52 (nicknamed Tante Ju (“Aunt Ju”) and Iron Annie) was a German trimotor transport aircraft manufactured from 1931 to 1952. It saw both civilian and military service during the 1930s and 1940s.

  • Role: Transport aircraft
  • National origin: Germany
  • Manufacturer: Junkers
  • First flight: 13 October 1930 (Ju 52/1m); 7 March 1932 (Ju 52/3m)
  • Introduction: 1931
  • Status: retired
  • Produced: 1931–1945 (Germany) Junkers, 1945–1947 (France) Amiot AAC 1 Toucan, 1945–1952 (Spain) CASA 352 and 352L
  • Number built: 4,845

Civil Junkers Ju 52 Fact-sheet

Military operators

  • Argentina
  • Austria
  • Belgium
  • Bolivia
  • Brazil
  • Bulgaria
  • Canada
  • Chile
  • China
  • Colombia
  • NDH
  • Czechoslovakia
  • Denmark
  • Ecuador
  • Estonia
  • Finland
  • France
  • Germany
  • Germany
  • Greece
  • Hungary
  • Italy
  • Lebanon
  • Norway
  • Peru
  • Poland
  • Portugal
  • Romania
  • South Africa
  • Slovakia
  • Soviet Union
  • Spanish State
  • Sweden
  • Switzerland
  • United Kingdom
  • United States
  • Uruguay
  • Yugoslavia

Junkers (CASA) 352L (Ju-52) F-AZJU AZ+JU Luftwaffe

Specifications (Junkers Ju 52/3m g7e)

General characteristics

  • Crew: three (two pilots, radio operator)
  • Capacity: 18 troops or 12 litter patients
  • Length: 18.90 m (62 ft 0 in)
  • Wingspan: 29.25 m (95 ft 10 in)
  • Height: 4.5 m (14 ft 10 in)
  • Wing area: 110.5 m² (1,190 ft²)
  • Empty weight: 6,510 kg (14,325 lb)
  • Loaded weight: 9,200 kg (20,270 lb)
  • Max. takeoff weight: 10,990 kg (24,200 lb)
  • Powerplant: 3 × BMW 132T radial engines, 533 kW (715 hp) each

Performance

  • Maximum speed: 265 km/h (165 mph) at sea level
  • Cruise speed: 211 km/h (132 mph)
  • Range: 870 km (540 mi)
  • Service ceiling: 5,490 m (18,000 ft)
  • Rate of climb: 17 minutes to 3,050 m (10,000 ft)

Armament

  • Guns:
  • 1 × 13 mm (.51 in) MG 131 machine gun in a dorsal position
  • 2 × 7.92 mm (.312 in) MG 15 machine guns
  • Bombs: up to 500 kilograms (1,100 lb) of bombs (some variants)

Blériot XI

Replica of the single Blériot XI which served with the Swiss Air Force in 1912.

Replica of the single Blériot XI which served with the Swiss Air Force in 1912.

The Blériot XI is the aircraft that was used by Louis Blériot on 25 July 1909 to make the first flight across the English Channel made in a heavier-than-air aircraft.

  • Role: Civil tourer/trainer/military
  • National origin: France
  • Manufacturer: Louis Blériot
  • Designer: Louis Blériot and Raymond Saulnier
  • First flight: 23 January 1909

Civil Bleriot XI

Military operators

  • Argentina
  • Australia
  • Belgium
  • Bolivia
  • Brazil
  • Bulgaria
  • Chile
  • Denmark
  • France
  • Greece
  • Guatemala
  • Italy
  • Japan
  • Mexico
  • Norway
  • New Zealand
  • Ottoman Empire
  • Romania
  • Russia
  • Serbia
  • Sweden
  • Switzerland
  • United Kingdom
  • Uruguay

Specifications

General characteristics

  • Crew: 1
  • Length: 7.62 m (25 ft 0 in)
  • Wingspan: 7.79 m (25 ft 7 in)
  • Height: 2.69 m (8 ft 10 in)
  • Wing area: 14 m2 (150 sq ft)
  • Empty weight: 230 kg (507 lb)
  • Powerplant: 1 × Anzani 3-cyl. Fan 25-30 hp 3-cyl. air-cooled fan style radial piston engine, 19 kW (25 hp)
  • Propellers: 2-bladed Chauvière Intégrale, 2.08 m (6 ft 10 in) diameter

Performance

  • Maximum speed: 75.6 km/h (47 mph; 41 kn)
  • Service ceiling: 1,000 m (3,281 ft)

Grumman F8F Bearcat

Grumman F8F-2P Bearcat G-RUMM/121714/B-201

The Grumman F8F Bearcat (nicknamed “Bear”) was a single-engine American fighter aircraft introduced in late World War II.

  • Role: Fighter aircraft
  • Manufacturer: Grumman
  • First flight: 21 August 1944
  • Introduction: 1945
  • Retired: 1961
  • Status: Retired
  • Number built: 1,265
  • Primary users: United States Navy
    United States Marine Corps
    French Air Force
    Royal Thai Air Force

Specifications

General characteristics

  • Crew: 1 pilot
  • Length: 28 ft 3 in (8.61 m)
  • Wingspan: 35 ft 10 in (10.92 m)
  • Height: 13 ft 9 in (4.21 m)
  • Wing area: 244 ft² (22.67 m²)
  • Empty weight: 7,070 lb (3,207 kg)
  • Loaded weight: 9,600 lb (4,354 kg)
  • Max. takeoff weight: 12,947 lb (5,873 kg)
  • Powerplant: 1 × Pratt & Whitney R-2800-34W “Double Wasp” two-row radial engine, 2,300 hp (1,715 kW)

Performance

  • Maximum speed: 421 mph (366 kn, 678 km/h)
  • Range: 1,105 mi (1,778 km)
  • Service ceiling: 38,700 ft (11,796 m)
  • Rate of climb: 4,570 ft/min (23.2 m/s)
  • Wing loading: 39.3 lb/ft² (192.1 kg/m²)
  • Power/mass: 0.22 hp/lb (360 W/kg)

Armament

  • Guns: 4 × 0.50 in (12.7 mm) machine guns (Four 20mm M3 cannon F8F-1B)
  • Rockets: 4 × 5 in (127 mm) unguided rockets
  • Bombs: 1,000 lb (454 kg) bombs

EKW C-36

EKW C-3603 D-FRBI/C-547 privat/Swiss AF colours

  • Role: Ground-attack aircraft
  • National origin: Switzerland
  • Manufacturer: EKW
  • First flight: 15 May 1939
  • Introduction: 1942
  • Primary user: Swiss Air Force
  • Number built: 175
  • Variants: F+W C-3605

Specifications

General characteristics

  • Crew: Two
  • Length: 10.23 m (33 ft 2⅓ in)
  • Wingspan: 13.74 m (45 ft 1 in)
  • Height: 3.29 m (10 ft 9½ in)
  • Wing area: 28.4 m2 (305.7 ft2)
  • Empty weight: 2,315 kg (5,103 lb)
  • Gross weight: 4,085 kg (9,006 lb)
  • Powerplant: 1 × Hispano-Suiza 12Y-51, 746 kW (1,000 hp) each

Performance

  • Maximum speed: 476 km/h (296 mph)
  • Range: 680 km (425 miles)
  • Endurance: 2 hours
  • Service ceiling: 8,700 m (28,550 ft)
  • Rate of climb: 10.4 m/s (2,050 ft/min)

Armament

  • 1× 20 mm cannon and 2× 7.5 mm machine guns fixed forward firing
  • 2× 7.5 mm machine guns in rear cockpit
  • 400 kg (880 lb) bombs