JEROEN VOGELAAR: Aviation Photographs

Helicopter military

Bell OH-58 Kiowa

Bell OH-58B Kiowa 3C-OC Austrian Armed Forces

The Bell OH-58 Kiowa is a family of single-engine, single-rotor, military helicopters used for observation, utility, and direct fire support.

  • Role: Observation/scout helicopter
  • National origin: United States of America
  • Manufacturer: Bell Helicopter
  • First flight: Bell 206A: 10 January 1966, OH-58D: 6 October 1983, OH-58F: 26 April 2013
  • Introduction: 1969
  • Status: In service
  • Produced: 1966–1989
  • Number built: 2,200
  • Developed from: Bell 206

Military operators

  • Austrian Armed Forces
  • Republic of China Army
  • Dominican Air Force
  • Royal Saudi Land Forces
  • Turkish Army
  • United States Army

Former operators

  • Australian Army
  • Canadian Forces

Specifications

OH-58A

General characteristics

  • Crew: 1 pilot, 2 pilots, or 1 pilot and 1 observer
  • Length: 32 ft 2 in (9.80 m)
  • Rotor diameter: 35 ft 4 in (10.77 m)
  • Height: 9 ft 7 in (2.92 m)
  • Empty weight: 1,583 lb (718 kg)
  • Max. takeoff weight: 3,000 lb (1,360 kg)
  • Powerplant: 1 × Allison T63-A-700 turboshaft, 317 shp (236 kW)
  • Fuselage length: 34 ft 4.5 in (10.48 m)

Performance

  • Maximum speed: 120 knots (222 km/h, 138 mph)
  • Cruise speed: 102 knots (188 km/h, 117 mph)
  • Range: 299 mi (481 km, 260 nmi)
  • Service ceiling: 19,000 ft (5,800 m)

Armament

  • Guns: M134 six-barreled 7.62mm minigun mounted on the M27 Armament Subsystem
    OR
    M129 grenade launcher mounted on the XM8 Armament Subsystem

OH-58D

General characteristics

  • Crew: 2 pilots
  • Length: 42 ft 2 in (12.85 m)
  • Main rotor diameter: 35 ft 0 in (10.67 m)
  • Height: 12 ft 1058 in (3.93 m)
  • Main rotor area: 14.83 ft2 (1.38 m2)
  • Empty weight: 3,829 lb (1,737 kg)
  • Gross weight: 5,500 lb (2,495 kg)
  • Powerplant: 1 × Rolls-Royce T703-AD-700A or 250-C30R3 turboshaft, 650 hp (485 kW) each

Performance

  • Maximum speed: 149 mph (240 km/h)
  • Cruise speed: 127 mph (204 km/h)
  • Range: 161 miles (556 km)
  • Endurance: 2.0 hours
  • Service ceiling: 15,000 ft (4,575 m)

Armament

  • Each pylon (two total) can carry one of the following:
  • 1x M3P (or M296) .50 cal (12.7 mm) machine gun
  • 1x LAU-68 rocket launcher w/ seven 2.75″ Hydra 70 rockets
  • 2x AGM-114 Hellfire missiles

OH-58F

General characteristics

  • Crew: 2 pilots
  • Empty weight: 3,496 lb (1,586 kg)
  • Gross weight: 5,500 lb (2,495 kg)
  • Powerplant: 1 × Rolls-Royce 250-C30R3 turboshaft, 650 hp (485 kW) each

Performance

  • Cruise speed: 109 (with weapons) mph (176 km/h)
  • Range: 161 miles (260 km)
  • Endurance: 2.0 hours

Armament

  • Each pylon (two total) can carry one of the following:
  • 1x M3P .50 cal (12.7mm) machine gun
  • 1x M260 rocket launcher w/ seven 2.75″ Hydra 70 rockets
  • 2x AGM-114 Hellfire missiles
  • 2x JAGM (Joint Air-to-Ground Missile)

Eurocopter EC120 Colibri

Eurocopter EC120 F-HBKB French Army

The Eurocopter (now Airbus Helicopters) EC120 Colibri (English: hummingbird) is a 5-seat, single-engine, single main rotor, light helicopter. Jointly designed and developed by Eurocopter, China National Aero-Technology Import & Export Corporation (CATIC), Harbin Aviation Industries (Group) Ltd (HAIG) and Singapore Technologies Aerospace Ltd (STAero) at Eurocopter France’s Marignane facility, the EC120 B is assembled by Eurocopter in France and Australia.

  • Role: Light utility helicopter
  • National origin: France, China, Singapore
  • Manufacturer: Eurocopter/Airbus Helicopters, Harbin Aircraft Industry Group
  • First flight: 9 June 1995
  • Introduction: 1998
  • Status: In service
  • Produced: 1995-present
  • Number built: over 550

Military operators

  • People’s Liberation Army Air Force (China)
  • Hélidax (Army Aviation Training) (France)
  • Indonesian Air Force
  • Indonesian Navy
  • Republic of Singapore Air Force
  • Spanish Air Force

Specifications (EC120 B)

General characteristics

  • Crew: 1 or 2 pilots
  • Capacity: 4 passengers
  • Length: 9.6 m (31 ft 5 in)
  • Rotor diameter: 10.0 m (32 ft 8 in)
  • Height: 3.4 m (11 ft 2 in)
  • Empty weight: 991 kg (2,185 lb)
  • Useful load: 724 kg (1,596 lb)
  • Max. takeoff weight: 1,715 kg (3,781 lb)
  • Powerplant: 1 × Turbomeca Arrius 2F turboshaft, 376 kW (504 shp)

Performance

  • Never exceed speed: 278 km/h (150 knots, 172 mph)
  • Cruise speed: 223 km/h (120 knots, 138 mph)
  • Range: 710 km (383 nm, 440 mi)
  • Service ceiling: 5,182 m (17,000 ft)
  • Rate of climb: 5.84 m/s (1,150 ft/min)

Avionics
Vehicle and Engine Multifunction Display (VEMD) with First Limit Indicator (FLI) fitted as standard.

Eurocopter Tiger

Eurocopter Tigre HAP 2019/BHE 5RHC French Army

The Eurocopter Tiger is a four-bladed, twin-engined attack helicopter which first entered service in 2003. It is manufactured by Eurocopter, which designate it as the EC 665. In Germany it is known as the Tiger; in France and Spain it is called the Tigre.

  • Role: Attack helicopter
  • National origin: France/Germany/Spain
  • Manufacturer: Eurocopter, now Airbus Helicopters
  • First flight: 27 April 1991
  • Introduction: 2003
  • Status: Active
  • Produced: 1991–present
  • Number built: 206 planned as of 2013

Military Operators

  • Australian Army
  • French Army
  • German Army
  • Spanish Army

Specifications (Tiger HAP)

General characteristics

  • Crew: Two: pilot and weapon systems officer
  • Length: 14.08 m fuselage (46 ft 2 in)
  • Rotor diameter: 13.00 m (42 ft 8 in)
  • Height: 3.83 m (12 ft 7 in)
  • Disc area: 133 m² (1,430 ft²)
  • Empty weight: 3,060 kg (6,750 lb)
  • Loaded weight: 5,090 kg (11,311 lb)
  • Max. takeoff weight: 6,000 kg (13,000 lb))
  • Powerplant: 2 × MTU Turbomeca Rolls-Royce MTR390 turboshafts, 958 kW (1.303 shp) each
  • Internal fuel capacity: 1,080 kg (2,380 lb)

Performance

  • Maximum speed: 290 km/h with mast, 315 km/h without mast (157 knots, 181 mph with mast, 170 knots or 196 mph without mast)
  • Range: 800 km (430 nm, 500 mi) combat (with external tanks in the inboard stations: 1,300km)
  • Service ceiling: 4,000 m (13,000 ft)
  • Rate of climb: 10.7 m/s (2,105 ft/min)
  • Power/mass: 0.23 hp/lb (0.38 kw/kg)

Armament

  • Guns:
    • 1× 30 mm (1.18 in) GIAT 30 cannon in chin turret, with up to 450 rounds.

On each of its two inner hardpoints and two outer hardpoints the Eurocopter Tiger can carry a combination of the following weapons:

  • Inner hardpoints:
    • 1x 20 mm (0.787 in) autocannon pods, or
    • 22x 68 mm (2.68 in) SNEB unguided rockets in a pod, or
    • 19x 70 mm (2.75 in) Hydra 70 unguided rockets in a pod or
    • 4x AGM-114 Hellfire missiles (Australia/France) or
    • 4x Spike-ER missiles (Spain) or
    • 4x PARS 3 LR missiles (Germany) or
    • 4x HOT3 missiles (Germany)
  • Outer hardpoints:
    • 2x Mistral air-to-air missiles, or
    • 12x 68 mm (2.68 in) SNEB unguided rockets in a pod or
    • 7x 70 mm (2.75 in) Hydra 70 unguided rockets in a pod

Aérospatiale Alouette II

Aerospatiale Alouette II HB-XYB ex Swiss Air Force

The Alouette II was the first production helicopter to use a gas turbine engine instead of the conventional heavier piston powerplant.

  • Role: Light helicopter
  • National origin: France
  • Manufacturer: Sud Aviation / Aérospatiale
  • First flight: 12 March 1955
  • Introduction: 2 May 1957
  • Status: Limited Service
  • Produced: 1956-1975
  • Number built: 1,300+
  • Variants: Aérospatiale SA 315B Lama
  • Developed into: Aérospatiale Alouette III

Specifications

General characteristics

  • Crew: One
  • Capacity: Four passengers
  • Length: 9.66 m (31 ft 9 in)
  • Rotor diameter: 10.20 m (33 ft 6 in)
  • Height: 2.75 m (9 ft 0 in)
  • Disc area: 81.7 m² (881.4 ft²)
  • Empty weight: 895 kg (1,973 lb)
  • Max. takeoff weight: 1,600 kg (3,527 lb)
  • Powerplant: One × Turboméca Artouste IIC6 turboshaft, 395 kW (530 hp) derated to 269 kW (460 hp) each.

Performance

  • Maximum speed: 185 km/h (100 knots, 115 mph) at sea level
  • Cruise speed: 170 km/h (92 knots, 106 mph)
  • Range: 565 km (305 nmi, 350 mi)
  • Endurance: 4.1 hours
  • Service ceiling: 2,300 m (7,545 ft)
  • Rate of climb: 4.2 m/s (820 ft/min)

Aérospatiale Alouette III

Alouette III HB-XXM private ex Swiss Air Force

  • Role: Light utility helicopter
  • National origin: France
  • Manufacturer: Sud Aviation, Aérospatiale
  • First flight: 28 February 1959
  • Introduction: 1960
  • Status: Active
  • Produced: 1961-1985
  • Number built: 2,000+

Alouette III V-262 Swiss Air Force

Specifications

General characteristics

  • Crew: 2
  • Capacity: 5 passengers
  • Length: 10.03 m (32 ft 10¾ in)
  • Main rotor diameter: 11.02 m (36 ft 1¾ in)
  • Height: 3.00 m (9 ft 10 in)
  • Main rotor area: 95.38 m2 (1026 ft2)
  • Empty weight: 1,143 kg (2,520 lb)
  • Gross weight: 2,200 kg (4,850 lb)
  • Powerplant: 1 × Turbomeca Artouste IIIB turboshaft, 649 kW (870 shp) derated to 425 kW (570 hp)

Performance

  • Maximum speed: 210 km/h (130 mph)
  • Cruising speed: 185 km/h (115 mph)
  • Range: 540 km (335 miles)
  • Service ceiling: 3,200 m (10,500 ft)
  • Rate of climb: 4.3 m/s (850 ft/min)