JEROEN VOGELAAR: Aviation Photographs

Military aviation

Wings of Storm

Wings of Storm (Krila Oluje)

Krila Oluje (Wings of Storm) is the Croatian Air Force and the Air Defense aerobatic display team.

  • Active:  2003 – present
  • Country: Croatia
  • Branch: Croatian Air Force
  • Role: Aerobatic display team
  • Size: 6 pilots
  • Colors: Red, White and Blue

Pilatus PC-9M 064 Croatian Air Force

Aircraft

Curtiss P-6 Hawk

Aviolanda Curtiss P-6E Hawk I C.319 ML-KNIL

The Curtiss P-6 Hawk was an American single-engine biplane fighter introduced into service in the late 1920s with the United States Army Air Corps and operated until the late 1930s prior to the outbreak of World War II.

  • Role: Fighter
  • Manufacturer: Curtiss Aeroplane and Motor Company
  • First flight: 1927
  • Introduction: 1927
  • Number built: 70

Operators

  • Bolivian Air Force
  • Republic of China Air Force
  • Cuban Air Force
  • Japan bought one P-6S
  • Royal Netherlands East Indies Army Air Force
  • United States Army Air Corps

Specifications (P-6E)

General characteristics

  • Crew: one
  • Length: 25 ft 2 in (7.67 m)
  • Wingspan: 31 ft 6 in (9.6 m)
  • Height: 8 ft 10 in (2.69 m)
  • Wing area: 252 ft² (23.41 m²)
  • Empty weight: 2,669 lb (1,224 kg)
  • Max. takeoff weight: 3,436 lb (1,559 kg)
  • Powerplant: 1 × Curtiss V-1570C Conqueror liquid-cooled V12 engine, 700 hp (522 kW)

Performance

  • Maximum speed: 204 mph (177 kn, 328 km/h)
  • Cruise speed: 167 mph (145 kn, 269 km/h)
  • Range: 285 mi (248 nmi, 459 km)
  • Service ceiling: 24,700 ft (7,529 m)
  • Rate of climb: 2,480 ft/min (12.6 m/s)

Armament

  • 2 × .30 in (7.62 mm) machine guns

Brewster F2A Buffalo

Brewster B-339C Buffalo B-3107 Militaire Luchtvaart KNIL (Nether

The Brewster F2A Buffalo was an American fighter aircraft which saw service early in World War II. It was one of the first U.S. monoplanes with an arrestor hook and other modifications for aircraft carriers.

  • Role: Single seat fighter
  • National origin: United States
  • Manufacturer: Brewster Aeronautical Corporation
  • First flight: 2 December 1937
  • Introduction: April 1939
  • Retired: 1948
  • Production: 1938–1941
  • Number built: 509

Operators

  • Royal Australian Air Force
  • Finnish Air Force
  • Japan Captured Buffalos were repaired and test flown, both in Japanese markings, and – starring in recreated combat footage – in incorrect RAF markings
  • Militaire Luchtvaart KNIL (Netherlands)
  • Royal New Zealand Air Force
  • Royal Air Force
  • Royal Navy Fleet Air Arm
  • United States Army Air Forces
  • United States Marine Corps
  • United States Navy

Specifications (F2A-3)

General characteristics

  • Crew: one
  • Length: 26 ft 4 in (8.03 m)
  • Wingspan: 35 ft 0 in (10.67 m)
  • Height: 12 ft 0 in (3.66 m)
  • Wing area: 209 sq ft (19.4 m2)
  • Empty weight: 4,732 lb (2,146 kg)
  • Max takeoff weight: 7,159 lb (3,247 kg)
  • Powerplant: 1 × Wright R-1820-40 Cyclone 9 9-cyl air-cooled radial piston engine, 1,200 hp (890 kW)

Performance

  • Maximum speed: 321 mph (517 km/h; 279 kn)
  • Cruise speed: 161 mph (140 kn; 259 km/h)
  • Range: 965 mi (839 nmi; 1,553 km)
  • Service ceiling: 33,200 ft (10,119 m)
  • Rate of climb: 2,440 ft/min (12.4 m/s)

Armament

  • Guns:
  • 2 × 0.50 in (12.7 mm) nose-mounted M2 Browning machine guns
  • 2 × 0.50 in (12.7 mm) wing-mounted M2 Browning machine guns

Fokker D.VII

Fokker D.VII (replica) 266 Luchtvaartafdeeling (Netherlands Air Force)

The Fokker D.VII was a German World War I fighter aircraft designed by Reinhold Platz of the Fokker-Flugzeugwerke.

  • Role: Fighter
  • National origin: Germany
  • Manufacturer: Fokker-Flugzeugwerke
  • Designer: Reinhold Platz
  • First flight: January 1918
  • Introduction: 1918
  • Status: Privately owned, or in museums
  • Produced: 1918–1928
  • Number built: Over 3,200

Operators

  • Argentine Naval Aviation
  • Austro-Hungarian Navy
  • Belgian Air Force
  • Bulgarian Air Force
  • Czechoslovakia
  • Royal Danish Air Force
  • Finnish Air Force
  • Germany: Luftstreitkrafte, Kaiserliche Marine
  • Hungarian Air Force
  • Netherlands: Luchtvaartafdeling
  • Latvian Air Force
  • Lithuania
  • Polish Air Force
  • Royal Romanian Air Force
  • Soviet Air Force
  • Swedish Air Force
  • Swiss Air Force
  • Ottoman Air Force
  • United States Army Air Service
  • United States Marine Corps

Specifications (D.VII with Mercedes D.III engine)

General characteristics

  • Crew: 1
  • Length: 6.954 m (22 ft 10 in)
  • Wingspan: 8.9 m (29 ft 2 in)
  • Height: 2.75 m (9 ft 0 in)
  • Wing area: 20.5 m2 (221 sq ft)
  • Empty weight: 670 kg (1,477 lb)
  • Gross weight: 906 kg (1,997 lb)
  • Powerplant: 1 × Mercedes D.III 6-cyl. water-cooled in-line piston engine, 120 kW (160 hp)
    • or 1 × 130.5 kW (175 hp) Mercedes D.IIIa 6-cyl. water-cooled in-line piston engine
    • or 1 × 137.95 kW (185 hp) BMW IIIa 6-cyl. water-cooled in-line piston engine (240hp rating at low level, emergency only, risk of engine damage.)

Performance

  • Maximum speed: 189 km/h (117 mph; 102 kn)
    • BMW IIIa engine – 200 km/h (124 mph)
  • Service ceiling: 6,000 m (19,685 ft)
  • Rate of climb: 3.92 m/s (772 ft/min)
    • BMW IIIa engine – 9.52 metres per second (1,874 ft/min)
  • Time to altitude:
    • 1,000 m (3,281 ft) in 4 minutes 15 seconds (1 minutes 40 seconds w/ BMW IIIa)
    • 2,000 m (6,562 ft) in 8 minutes 18 seconds (4 minutes 5 seconds w/ BMW IIIa)
    • 3,000 m (9,843 ft) in 13 minutes 49 seconds (7 minutes 0 seconds w/ BMW IIIa)
    • 4,000 m (13,123 ft) in 22 minutes 48 seconds (10 minutes 15 seconds w/ BMW IIIa)
    • 5,000 m (16,404 ft) in 38 minutes 5 seconds (14 minutes 0 seconds w/ BMW IIIa)
    • 6,000 m (19,685 ft) (18 minutes 45 seconds w/ BMW IIIa)

    Armament

  • Guns: 2 × 7.92 mm (.312 in) LMG 08/15 “Spandau” machine guns

Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-21

Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-21SP 47 Soviet Air Force

The Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-21 (NATO reporting name: Fishbed) is a supersonic jet fighter aircraft, designed by the Mikoyan-Gurevich Design Bureau in the Soviet Union.

  • Role: Fighter
  • National origin: Sovjet Union
  • Manufacturer: Mikoyan-Gurevich OKB
  • First flight: 14 February 1956 (Ye-2)
  • Introduction: 1959 (MiG-21F)
  • Status: In service
  • Produced: 1959 (MiG-21F) to 1985 (MiG-21bis)
  • Number built: 11,496, (10,645 produced in the USSR, 657 in India, 194 in Czechoslovakia)
  • Variants: Chengdu J-7

Operators

  • National Air Force of Angola
  • Azerbaijani Air Forces
  • Bulgarian Air Force
  • Croatian Air Force
  • Cuban Revolutionary Air and Air Defense Force
  • Egyptian Air Force
  • Ethiopian Air Force
  • Guinea Air Force
  • Indian Air Force
  • Lao People’s Liberation Army Air Force
  • Libyan Air Force
  • Mali Air Force
  • Mozambique Air Force
  • Korean People’s Air Force (North Korea)
  • Romanian Air Force
  • Serbian Air Force and Air Defence
  • Sudanese Air Force
  • Syrian Arab Air Force
  • Tanzanian Air Force
  • Ugandan Air Force
  • Vietnam People’s Air Force
  • Yemeni Air Force
  • Zambian Air Force

Former operators

  • Afghan Air Force
  • Algerian Air Force
  • Bangladeshi Air Force
  • Belarusian Air Force
  • Burkina Faso Air Force
  • Royal Cambodian Air Force
  • Chadian Air Force
  • China
  • Congolese Air Force
  • Air Force of the Democratic Republic of the Congo
  • Czech Air Force
  • Air Forces of the National People’s Army (East Germany)
  • Eritrean Air Force
  • Finnish Air Force
  • Luftwaffe
  • Georgian Air Force
  • Guinea-Bissau Air Force
  • Hungarian Air Force
  • Indonesian Air Force
  • Iranian Air Force
  • Iraqi Air Force
  • Krygyzstan Air and Air Defence Force
  • Mongolian Air Force
  • Madagascar Air Force
  • Namibian Air Force
  • Nigerian Air Force
  • Polish Air Force
  • Polish Naval Aviation
  • Russian Air Force
  • Slovak Air Force
  • Somali Air Force
  • Soviet Air Force
  • Soviet Air Defence Force
  • Soviet Naval Aviation
  • Turkmen Air Force
  • United States – Retired from United States Air Force after evaluation flights and aggressor squadron duty
  • Ukrainian Air Force
  • Yugoslav Air Force
  • Zaire

Civilian operators

According to the United States Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), there are currently 44 privately owned MiG-21s in the U.S

Specifications (MiG-21-93)

General characteristics

  • Crew: 1
  • Length: 14.5 (with pitot) m (47 ft 6.86 in)
  • Wingspan: 7.154 m (23 ft 5.66 in)
  • Height: 4.125 m (13 ft 6.41 in)
  • Wing area: 23.0 m2 (247.3 ft2)
  • Gross weight: 8,825 kg (19,425 lb)
  • Powerplant: 1 × Tumansky R25-300, 40.21 kN (9,040 lbf) thrust dry, 69.62 kN (15,650 lbf) with afterburner each

Performance

  • Maximum speed: 2,175 km/h (1351.48 mph)
  • Maximum speed: Mach 2.0
  • Range: (internal fuel) 1,210 km (751 miles)
  • Service ceiling: 17,800 m (58,400 ft)
  • Rate of climb: 225 m/s (44,280 ft/min)

Armament

  • 1x internal 23 mm GSh-23 cannon, plus
  • 2x R-27R1 or R-27T or 4x Vympel R-77

or 4x R-60M or R-73E AAM or

  • 2x 500 kg (1,102 lbs) bombs

North American F-86 Sabre

North American F-86F Sabre 52-5385/FU-385 USAF

The North American F-86 Sabre, sometimes called the Sabrejet, was a transonic jet fighter aircraft.

  • Role: Fighter aircraft
  • National origin: United States
  • Manufacturer: North American Aviation
  • First flight: 1 October 1947
  • Introduction: 1949 USAF
  • Retired: 1994, Bolivia
  • Number built: 9,860
  • Variants: CAC Sabre, Canadair Sabre, North American F-86D Sabre and North American FJ-2/-3 Fury

Military operators

  • Argentine Air Force
  • Belgian Air Force
  • Bolivian Air Force
  • Royal Canadian Air Force (RCAF)
  • Colombian Air Force
  • Royal Danish Air Force
  • Ethiopian Air Force
  • German Air Force
  • Honduran Air Force
  • Imperial Iranian Air Force
  • Iraqi Air Force
  • Japanese Air Self-Defense Force (JASDF)
  • Royal Netherlands Air Force
  • Royal Norwegian Air Force
  • Pakistani Air Force
  • Peruvian Air Force
  • Philippine Air Force
  • Portuguese Air Force
  • Republic of China Air Force
  • Royal Saudi Air Force
  • South African Air Force
  • Republic of Korea Air Force
  • Spanish Air Force
  • Royal Thai Air Force
  • Tunisian Air Force
  • Turkish Air Force
  • United Nations Operation in the Congo
  • United States Air Force
  • Venezuelan Air Force
  • Yugoslav Air Force

According to the FAA there are 50 privately owned and registered F-86s in the US, including Canadair CL-13 Sabres.

Specifications (F-86F)

General characteristics

  • Crew: 1
  • Length: 37 ft 1 in (11.4 m)
  • Wingspan: 37 ft 0 in (11.3 m)
  • Height: 14 ft 1 in (4.5 m)
  • Wing area: 313.4 sq ft (29.11 m²)
  • Empty weight: 11,125 lb (5,046 kg)
  • Loaded weight: 15,198 lb (6,894 kg)
  • Max. takeoff weight: 18,152 lb (8,234 kg)
  • Powerplant: 1 × General Electric J47-GE-27 turbojet, 5,910 lbf (maximum thrust at 7,950 lbf for five min)with water injection (26.3 kN)
  • Fuel provisions Internal fuel load: 437 US gallons (1,650 L)), Drop tanks: 2×200 US gallons (760 L) JP-4 fuel

Performance

  • Maximum speed: 687 mph (1,106 km/h) at sea level at 14,212 lb (6,447 kg) combat weight
    also reported 678 mph (1,091 km/h) and 599 at 35,000 feet (11,000 m) at 15,352 pounds (6,960 kg). (597 knots (1,106 km/h) at 6446 m, 1,091 and 964 km/h at 6,960 m.)
  • Stall speed: 124 mph (power off) (108 knots (200 km/h))
  • Range: 1,525 mi, (2,454 km)
  • Service ceiling: 49,600 ft at combat weight (15,100 m)
  • Rate of climb: 9,000 ft/min at sea level (45.72 m/s)
  • Wing loading: 49.4 lb/ft² (236.7 kg/m²)
  • lift-to-drag: 15.1
  • Thrust/weight: 0.38

Armament

  • Guns: 6 X 0.50 in (12.7 mm) M3 Browning machine guns (1,800 rounds in total)
  • Rockets: variety of rocket launchers; e.g: 2 Matra rocket pods with 18 SNEB 68 mm rockets per pod
  • Bombs: 5,300 lb (2,400 kg) of payload on four external hardpoints, bombs were usually mounted on outer two pylons as the inner pairs were plumbed for 2 200 US gallons (760 L) drop tanks which gave the Sabre a more useful range. A wide variety of bombs could be carried (max standard loadout being 2 1,000 lb bombs plus two drop tanks), napalm canisters and could have included a tactical nuclear weapon.

Fokker F27 Troopship

Fokker F.27-300M Troopship C-10 Royal Netherlands Air Force

The Fokker F27 Friendship is a turboprop airliner designed and built by the defunct Dutch aircraft manufacturer Fokker.

  • Role: airliner
  • National origin: Netherlands
  • Manufacturer: Fokker
  • First flight: 24 November 1955
  • Introduction: 19 November 1958
  • Status: Out of production, in service
  • Produced: 1986-1997
  • Number built: 586
  • Developed from: Fokker F27 Friendship
  • Variants: Fairchild F-27/FH-227
  • Developed into: Fokker 50, Fokker 60

Military variants

  • F27-300M Troopship – Military transport version for Royal Netherlands Air Force
  • F27-400M – Military version for US Army with designation C-31A Troopship
  • F27-500M – Military version
  • F27 200-MAR – Unarmed maritime reconnaissance version
  • F27 Maritime Enforcer – Armed maritime reconnaissance version

Military operators

  • Algerian Air Force
  • Angolan Air Force
  • Argentine Air Force
  • Royal Australian Navy
  • Biafran Air Force
  • Bolivian Air Force
  • Burmese Air Force (Became Myanmar Air Force)
  • Chad Air Force
  • Government of Chad
  • Cote d’Ivoire Air Force
  • Ecuadorian Air Force
  • Finnish Air Force
  • French Air Force
  • Sécurité Civile France
  • Ghana Air Force
  • Guatemalan Air Force
  • Icelandic Coast Guard
  • Indian Coast Guard
  • Indonesian Air Force
  • Iranian government
  • Islamic Republic of Iran Air Force
  • Italian Air Force
  • Mexican Navy
  • Royal Netherlands Air Force
  • Royal Netherlands Navy
  • Royal New Zealand Air Force
  • Nigerian Air Force
  • North Yemen Air Force
  • Pakistan Naval Air Arm
  • Peruvian Navy
  • Philippine Air Force
  • Philippine Navy
  • Senegalese Air Force
  • Senegambia Air Force
  • Spanish Air Force
  • Sudanese Air Force
  • Royal Thai Navy
  • United States Army Parachute Team
  • United States Navy
  • Uruguayan Air Force
  • Yemen Air Force

Specifications (F.27)

General characteristics

  • Crew: 2 or 3
  • Capacity: 48-56 passengers
  • Length: 25.06 m (82 ft 3 in)
  • Wingspan: 29 m (95 ft 2 in)
  • Height: 8.72 m (28 ft 7 in)
  • Wing area: 70 m2 (750 sq ft)
  • Empty weight: 11,204 kg (24,701 lb)
  • Max takeoff weight: 19,773 kg (43,592 lb)
  • Powerplant: 2 × Rolls-Royce Dart Mk.532-7 two-stage centrifugal compressor turboprop, 1,678 kW (2,250 hp) each

Performance

  • Cruising speed: 460 km/h (286 mph; 248 kn)
  • Range: 2,600 km (1,616 mi; 1,404 nmi)
  • Rate of climb: 7.37 m/s (1,451 ft/min)

Convair F-102 Delta Dagger

Convair F-102A Delta Dagger 56-1032/FC-032 32ndFS USAF

The Convair F-102 Delta Dagger was an American interceptor aircraft that was built as part of the backbone of the United States Air Force’s air defenses in the late 1950s.

  • Role: Interceptor aircraft
  • National origin: United States
  • Manufacturer: Convair
  • First flight: 24 October 1953
  • Introduction: April 1956
  • Retired: 1979
  • Status: Retired
  • Number built: 1,000
  • Trainer: TF-102A

Military operators

  • Hellenic Air Force (Greece)
  • Turkish Air Force
  • United States Air Force

Specifications (F-102A)

General characteristics

  • Crew: 1
  • Length: 68 ft 4 in (20.83 m)
  • Wingspan: 38 ft 1 in (11.61 m)
  • Height: 21 ft 2 in (6.45 m)
  • Wing area: 661.5ft²/61.52m² (Original Wing) or 695 ft²/64.57m² (Conically-Cambered Wing) ()
  • Airfoil: NACA 0004-65 mod root and tip
  • Empty weight: 19,350 lb (8,777 kg)
  • Loaded weight: 24,500 lb (11,100 kg)
  • Max. takeoff weight: 31,500 lb (14,300 kg)
  • Powerplant: 1 × Pratt & Whitney J57-P-25 afterburning turbojet
    • Dry thrust: 11,700 lbf (52.0 kN)
    • Thrust with afterburner: 17,200 lbf (76.5 kN)
  • Internal fuel capacity: 1,085 U.S. gal (4,107 l)
  • External fuel capacity: 2 × 215 U.S. gal (815 l) drop tanks

Performance

  • Maximum speed: Mach 1.25 (825 mph, 1,304 km/h) at 40,000 ft (12,190 m)
  • Range: 1,350 mi (1,170 nmo, 2,175 km)
  • Service ceiling: 53,400 ft (16,300 m)
  • Rate of climb: 13,000 ft/min (66 m/s)
  • Wing loading: 35 lb/ft² (172 kg/m²)
  • Thrust/weight: 0.70

Armament

  • Rockets: 24 × 2.75 in (70 mm) FFAR (Folding Fin Aerial Rocket) unguided rockets in missile bay doors
  • Missiles:
    • 6 × AIM-4 Falcon air-to-air missiles or
    • 3 × AIM-4 Falcon
    • 1 × AIM-26 Falcon with conventional or nuclear warhead

Avionics
MG-10 fire control system

Morane-Saulnier MS.315

Morane-Saulnier MS.317 F-BGUV and F-BCNL

The Morane-Saulnier MS.315 is a primary training monoplane designed and built in France by Morane-Saulnier.

  • Role: Primary trainer
  • National origin: France
  • Manufacturer: Morane-Saulnier
  • First flight: 1932
  • Number built: 356

Variants

  • MS.315 – Production version with a 135hp (101kW) Salmson 9Nc radial engine, 350 built.
  •  MS.315/2 – Higher powered civil version, five built.
  • MS.316 – Variant powered by a Regnier inverted Vee engine, one built.
  • MS.317 -1960s conversions with a 220hp (164kW) Continental W-670K radial engine, 40 converted.

Military operators

  • French Air Force
  • French Navy
  • Peruvian Air Force

Specifications (MS.315)

General characteristics

  • Crew: 2
  • Length: 7.60 m (24 ft 11¼ in)
  • Wingspan: 12.00 m (39 ft 4½ in)
  • Height: 2.80 m (9 ft 2¼ in)
  • Wing area: 21.60 m2 (232.51 ft2)
  • Empty weight: 548 kg (1208 lb)
  • Gross weight: 860 kg (1896 lb)
  • Powerplant: 1 × Salmson 9Nc radial engine, 101 kW (135 hp)

Performance

  • Maximum speed: 170 km/h (106 mph)
  • Service ceiling: 5500 m (18,045 ft)

Yakovlev Yak-11

Let C-11 (Yak-11) F-AZNN/14

The Yakovlev Yak-11 was a trainer aircraft used by the Soviet Air Force and other Soviet-influenced air forces from 1947 until 1962.

  • Role: Fighter
  • National origin: Russia
  • Manufacturer: Yakovlev
  • First flight: 10 November 1945
  • Introduction: 1946
  • Retired: 1962
  • Status: Privately owned, or in museums
  • Number built: 4.566

In total, Soviet production amounted to 3,859 aircraft between 1947 and 1955. with a further 707 licence-built by Let in Czechoslovakia as the C-11.

Military operators

  • Royal Afghan Air Force
  • Albanian Air Force
  • Algerian Air Force
  • National Air Force of Angola
  • Austrian Air Force
  • Bulgarian Air Force
  • China – People’s Liberation Army Air Force
  • Czechoslovak Air Force
  • East German Air Force
  • Egyptian Air Force
  • Iraqi Air Force
  • Hungarian Air Force
  • Mongolian People’s Air Force
  • North Korean Air Force
  • Polish Air Force
  • Romanian Air Force
  • Somali Air Corps
  • Soviet Air Force
  • DOSAAF
  • Syrian Air Force
  • Vietnam People’s Air Force
  • Yemen Air Force

Specifications (Yak-11)

General characteristics

  • Crew: Two – student and instructor
  • Length: 8.20 m (26 ft 10½ in)
  • Wingspan: 9.4 m (30 ft 10 in)
  • Height: 3.28 m (10 ft 5 in)
  • Wing area: 15.40 m² (166 ft²)
  • Empty weight: 1,900 kg (4,189 lb)
  • Loaded weight: kg (lb)
  • Max. takeoff weight: 2,440 kg (5,379 lb)
  • Powerplant: 1 × Shvetsov ASh-21 air-cooled radial piston engine, 521 kW (700 hp)

Performance

  • Maximum speed: 460 km/h (289 mph)
  • Cruise speed: 370 km/h (230 mph)
  • Range: 1250 km (795 miles)
  • Service ceiling: 7,100 m (23,295 ft)
  • Rate of climb: 8.1 m/s (1,600 ft/min)
  • Wing loading: 161 kg/m² (32.9 lb/ft²)
  • Power/mass: 0.17 kW/kg (0.10 hp/lb)

Armament

  • 1x nose-mounted machine gun, either 12.7 mm UBS or 7.62 mm ShKAS
  • up to 200 kg (440 lb) of bombs on two underwing racks