JEROEN VOGELAAR: Aviation Photographs

Douglas C-54 Skymaster

Douglas C-54A Skymaster 44-09063 US Army Air Force

The Douglas C-54 Skymaster was a four-engine (piston) propeller-driven transport aircraft used by the United States Army Air Forces in World War II and the Korean War. Like the Douglas C-47 Skytrain, the C-54 Skymaster was derived from a civilian airliner (the Douglas DC-4).

During the Berlin Airlift (1 April 1948 – 12 May 1949) it hauled coal and food supplies to West Berlin. Rhein-Main Air Base (Now Frankfurt Airport) became exclusively a C-54 hub, while Wiesbaden retained a mix of C-54s and C-47s. Aircraft flew northeast through the American air corridor into Tempelhof Airport, then returned due west flying out on through the British air corridor. After reaching the British Zone, they turned south to return to their bases.

  • Role: Transport aircraft
  • National origin: Netherlands
  • Manufacturer: Douglas Aircraft Company
  • First flight: June 1938
  • Introduction: 1942
  • Retired: 1975
  • Produced: 1942-1947
  • Number built: 1,170
  • Developed from: Douglas DC-4

Douglas C-54A Skymaster 44-09063 US Army Air Force Rosinen Bomber

Specifications (C-54G)

General characteristics

  • Crew: four
  • Capacity: 50 troops
  • Length: 93 ft 10 in (28.6 m)
  • Wingspan: 117 ft 6 in (35.8 m)
  • Height: 27 ft 6 in (8.38 m)
  • Wing area: 1,460 ft² (136 m²)
  • Empty weight: 38,930 lb (17,660 kg)
  • Loaded weight: 62,000 lb (28,000 kg)
  • Max. takeoff weight: 73,000 lb (33,000 kg)
  • Powerplant: 4 × Pratt & Whitney R-2000-9 radial engines, 1,450 hp (1,080 kW) each

Performance

  • Maximum speed: 275 mph (239 kn, 442 km/h)
  • Cruise speed: 190 mph (165 kn, 310 km/h)
  • Range: 4,000 mi (6,400 km)
  • Service ceiling: 22,300 ft (6,800 m)
  • Wing loading: 42.5 lb/ft² (207 kg/m²)
  • Power/mass: 0.094 hp/lb (160 W/kg)