JEROEN VOGELAAR: Aviation Photographs

arrestor hook

Brewster F2A Buffalo

Brewster B-339C Buffalo B-3107 Militaire Luchtvaart KNIL (Nether

The Brewster F2A Buffalo was an American fighter aircraft which saw service early in World War II. It was one of the first U.S. monoplanes with an arrestor hook and other modifications for aircraft carriers.

  • Role: Single seat fighter
  • National origin: United States
  • Manufacturer: Brewster Aeronautical Corporation
  • First flight: 2 December 1937
  • Introduction: April 1939
  • Retired: 1948
  • Production: 1938–1941
  • Number built: 509

Operators

  • Royal Australian Air Force
  • Finnish Air Force
  • Japan Captured Buffalos were repaired and test flown, both in Japanese markings, and – starring in recreated combat footage – in incorrect RAF markings
  • Militaire Luchtvaart KNIL (Netherlands)
  • Royal New Zealand Air Force
  • Royal Air Force
  • Royal Navy Fleet Air Arm
  • United States Army Air Forces
  • United States Marine Corps
  • United States Navy

Specifications (F2A-3)

General characteristics

  • Crew: one
  • Length: 26 ft 4 in (8.03 m)
  • Wingspan: 35 ft 0 in (10.67 m)
  • Height: 12 ft 0 in (3.66 m)
  • Wing area: 209 sq ft (19.4 m2)
  • Empty weight: 4,732 lb (2,146 kg)
  • Max takeoff weight: 7,159 lb (3,247 kg)
  • Powerplant: 1 × Wright R-1820-40 Cyclone 9 9-cyl air-cooled radial piston engine, 1,200 hp (890 kW)

Performance

  • Maximum speed: 321 mph (517 km/h; 279 kn)
  • Cruise speed: 161 mph (140 kn; 259 km/h)
  • Range: 965 mi (839 nmi; 1,553 km)
  • Service ceiling: 33,200 ft (10,119 m)
  • Rate of climb: 2,440 ft/min (12.4 m/s)

Armament

  • Guns:
  • 2 × 0.50 in (12.7 mm) nose-mounted M2 Browning machine guns
  • 2 × 0.50 in (12.7 mm) wing-mounted M2 Browning machine guns