JEROEN VOGELAAR: Aviation Photographs

British

Avro Lancaster

Avro Lancaster B.1 PA474 Battle of Britain Memorial Flight RAF

The Avro Lancaster is a British four-engined Second World War heavy bomber designed and built by Avro for the Royal Air Force (RAF).

  • Role: Heavy bomber
  • Manufacturer: Avro
  • First flight: 9 January 1941
  • Introduction: February 1942
  • Retired: 1963 (Canada)
  • Status: Retired
  • Number built: 7,377

Operators

  • Argentina
  • Australia
  • Canada
  • Egypt
  • France
  • Poland
  • Soviet Union
  • Sweden
  • United Kingdom

Avro Lancaster B.1 PA474 Battle of Britain Memorial Flight RAF

Specifications (Lancaster B.1)

General characteristics

  • Crew: 7: pilot, flight engineer, navigator, bomb aimer/nose gunner, wireless operator, mid-upper and rear gunners
  • Length: 69 ft 4 in (21.11 m)
  • Wingspan: 102 ft 0 in (31.09 m)
  • Height: 20 ft 6 in (6.25 m)
  • Wing area: 1,297 sq ft (120.5 m²)
  • Empty weight: 36,457 lb (16,571 kg)
  • Loaded weight: 68,000 lb (30,909 kg)
  • Max. takeoff weight: 72,000 lb (32,727 kg) with 22,000 lb (10,000 kg) bomb
  • Powerplant: 4 × Rolls-Royce Merlin XX liquid-cooled V12 engines, 1,280 hp (954 kW) each

Performance

  • Maximum speed: 282 mph (246 knots, 454 km/h) at 63,000 lb (29,000 kg) and 13,000 lb (5,900 kg) altitude
  • Cruise speed: 200 mph (174 knots, 322 km/h)
  • Range: 2,530 mi (2,200 nmi, 4,073 km)
  • Service ceiling: 21,400 ft (6,500 m) at 63,000 lb (29,000 kg)
  • Rate of climb: 720 ft/min (3.7 m/s) at 63,000 lb (29,000 kg) and 9,200 ft (2,800 m) altitude

Armament

  • Guns: 2 Browning .303 Mark II machine guns in nose turret, 2 Browning .303 Mark II machine guns in upper turret, and 4 Browning .303 Mark II machine guns in the rear turret.
  • Bombs: Maximum normal bomb load of 14,000 lb (6,350 kg) or 22,000 lb (9,979 kg) Grand Slam with modifications to bomb bay.

Airbus A380

Airbus A380-861 A6-EDJ Emirates

The Airbus A380 is a double-deck, wide-body, four-engine jet airliner manufactured by Airbus. It is the world’s largest passenger airliner.

  • Role: Wide-body, double-deck jet airliner
  • National origin: European Multi-national
  • Manufacturer: EADS/Airbus
  • Production line: Toulouse, France
  • First flight: 27 April 2005 F-WWOW
  • Introduction: 25 October 2007 with Singapore Airlines
  • Status: In service
  • Produced: 2005–present
  • Number built: 154 as of 28 February 2015

Operators

  • Singapore Airlines
  • Emirates
  • Qantas
  • Air France
  • Lufthansa
  • Korean Air
  • China Southern Airlines
  • Malaysia Airlines
  • Thai Airways International
  • British Airways
  • Asiana Airlines
  • Qatar Airways
  • Etihad Airways

Airbus A380 A6-EDJ Emirates

Specifications

General characteristics

  • Cockpit crew: two
  • Seating capacity: 644 (2-class) 853 (1-class)
  • Length overall: 72.73 m (238 ft 7 in)
  • Wingspan: 79.75 m (261 ft 8 in)
  • Height: 24.45 m (80 ft 3 in)
  • Wheelbase: 31.88 m (104 ft 7 in)
  • Wheel track: 12.46 m (40 ft 11 in) 14.34 m (47 ft 1 in) total width
  • Outside fuselage width: 7.14 m (23 ft 5 in)
  • Exterior fuselage height: 8.41 m (27 ft 7 in)
  • Maximum cabin width: 6.54 m (21 ft 5 in) main deck, 5.80 m (19 ft 0 in) upper deck
  • Cabin length: 49.9 m (163 ft 9 in) main deck, 44.93 m (147 ft 5 in) upper deck
  • Wing area: 845 m2 (9,100 sq ft)
  • Aspect ratio: 7.5
  • Wing sweep: 33.5°
  • Maximum taxi/ramp weight: 577,000 kg (1,272,000 lb)
  • Maximum take-off weight: 575,000 kg (1,268,000 lb)
  • Maximum landing weight: 394,000 kg (869,000 lb)
  • Maximum zero fuel weight: 369,000 kg (814,000 lb)
  • Typical operating empty weight: 276,800 kg (610,200 lb)
  • Maximum structural payload: 89,200 kg (196,700 lb)
  • Maximum cargo volume: 184 m3 (6,500 cu ft)
  • Maximum fuel capacity: 323,546 l (85,472 US gal)
  • Engines (4 ×): GP7270 (A380-861), Trent 970/B (A380-841), Trent 972/B (A380-842)

Performance

  • Maximum operating speed: Mach 0.89 (945 km/h, 587 mph, 510 knots)
  • Maximum design speed: Mach 0.96 (at cruise altitude: 1020 km/h, 634 mph, 551 knots)
  • Cruise speed: Mach 0.85
  • Take off run at MTOW/SL ISA: 2,950 m (9,680 ft)
  • Landing speed: 130-135 kn (240–250 km/h)
  • Range at design load: 15,700 km (8,500 nmi, 9,755 mi)
  • Service ceiling: 13,136 m (43,097 ft)

Hawker Sea Fury

Hawker Sea Fury FB11 F-AZXJ/WH589/NW-115

The Hawker Sea Fury was a British fighter aircraft designed and manufactured by Hawker. It was the last propeller-driven fighter to serve with the Royal Navy, and also one of the fastest production single piston-engined aircraft ever built.

  • Role: Naval fighter-bomber
  • Manufacturer: Hawker
  • First flight: 1 September 1944 (Fury), 21 February 1945 (Sea Fury)
  • Introduction: October 1945 (FAA), 1947 (RCN)
  • Retired: 1953 (FAA), 1955 (RNVR), 1956 (RCN), 1957 (MLD), 1968 Burmese Air Force
  • Produced: 1945–55
  • Number built: 864
  • Developed from: Hawker Tempest

Military operators

  • Australia
  • Burma
  • Canada
  • Cuba
  • Egypt
  • Germany
  • Iraq
  • Netherlands
  • Pakistan
  • United Kindom

Hawker Sea Furry Mk.50 6-43 MLD (Royal Netherlands Navy)

Specifications (FB 11)

General characteristics

  • Crew: One
  • Length: 34 ft 8 in (10.56 m)
  • Wingspan: 38 ft 434 in (11.69 m)
  • Height: 15 ft 1012 in (4.84 m)
  • Wing area: 280 ft2 (26.01 m2)
  • Empty weight: 9,240 lb (4,191 kg)
  • Loaded weight: 12,350 lb (5,602 kg)
  • Max. takeoff weight: 14,650 lb (6,645 kg)
  • Powerplant: 1 × Bristol Centaurus 18 18-cylinder twin-row radial engine, 2,480 hp (1,850 kW) (take-off)

Performance

  • Maximum speed: 460 mph (400 knots, 740 km/h) at 18,000 ft (5,500 m)
  • Range: 700 mi (609 nmi, 1,126 km) with internal fuel; 1,040 mi (904 nmi, 1,674 km) with two drop tanks
  • Service ceiling: 35,800 ft (10,910 m)
  • Rate of climb: 4,320 ft/min (21.9 m/s)

Armament

  • Guns: 4 × 20 mm (.79 in) Hispano Mk V cannon
  • Rockets: 12× 3 in (76.2 mm) rockets or
  • Bombs: 2,000 lb (907 kg) of bombs

 

BAE Systems Hawk

British Aerospace Hawk 51 HW-334 3 Finnish Air Force

The BAE Systems Hawk is a British single-engine, jet-powered advanced trainer aircraft. A derivative of the Hawk was selected by the United States Navy as their new trainer aircraft. Designated the McDonnell Douglas T-45 Goshawk. The most famous users of the Hawk are the Red Arrows aerobatic team, who adopted the plane in 1979.

  • Role: Advanced jet trainer and light attack aircraft
  • Manufacturer: BAE Systems
  • National origin: United Kingdom
  • First flight: 21 August 1974
  • Introduction: 1976
  • Produced: 1974–present
  • Number built: 1,000+
  • Status: In service

Military operators

  • Royal Australian Air Force – 33 Hawk 127
  • Royal Bahraini Air Force – 6 Hawk 129
  • Royal Canadian Air Force – 16 Hawk 115
  • Finnish Air Force – 75 Hawks (50 Mk.51, 7 Mk.51A, 18 Mk.66
  • Indian Air Force – 66 Hawk 132 (total 106 ordered for IAF)
  • Indian Navy – 8 Hawk 132 (total 17 ordered)
  • Indonesian Air Force – 38 Hawk 53/109/209
  • Kuwait Air Force – 10 Hawk 64
  • Royal Malaysian Air Force – 19 Hawk 108/208
  • Royal Air Force of Oman – 15 Hawk 103/203
  • Royal Saudi Air Force – 45 Hawk 65
  • South African Air Force – 24 Hawk 120
  • Royal Air Force – 81 Hawk T1/28 Hawk T2
  • Royal Navy – 17 Hawk T1
  • United Arab Emirates Air Force – 36 Hawk 61/63/102

Former operators

  • Kenya Air Force – 7 Hawk 52, out of service and retired as of 2012
  • Republic of Korea Air Force introduced 20 T-59 (Hawk 67) in September 1992. Retired from service in 2013
  • Swiss Air Force: 20 Hawk Mk. 66 were bought in 1992 but decommissioned in 2002, of which 18 were sold to Finland in June 2007
  • Air Force of Zimbabwe – 12 Hawk 60 retired as of 2011 because of lack of spares and lack of BAE support

Specifications (Hawk 128)

General characteristics

  • Crew: 2: student, instructor
  • Length: 12.43 m (40 ft 9 in)
  • Wingspan: 9.94 m (32 ft 7 in)
  • Height: 3.98 m (13 ft 1 in)
  • Wing area: 16.70 m2 (179.64 ft2)
  • Empty weight: 4,480 kg (9,880 lb)
  • Useful load: 3,000 kg (6,600 lb)
  • Max takeoff weight: 9,100 kg (20,000 lb)
  • Powerplant: 1× Rolls-Royce Adour Mk. 951 turbofan with FADEC, 29 kN (6,500 lbf) 29 kN

Performance

  • Maximum speed: Mach 0.84 (1,028 km/h, 638 mph) at altitude
  • Range: 2,520 km (1,360 nmi, 1,565 mi)
  • Service ceiling: 13,565 m (44,500 ft)
  • Rate of climb: 47 m/s (9,300 ft/min)
  • Thrust/weight: 0.65

Armament

Note: all armament is optional.
  • 1× 30 mm ADEN cannon, in centreline pod
  • Up to 6,800 lb (3,085 kg) of weapons on five hardpoints, including:
    • 4× AIM-9 Sidewinder or ASRAAM on wing pylons and wingtip rails
  • 1,500 lb (680 kg), limited to one centreline and two wing pylons (Hawk T1)