JEROEN VOGELAAR: Aviation Photographs

fighter

Messerschmitt Bf 109

Messerschmitt Bf109E-3 1407/+5 Luftwaffe

The Messerschmitt Bf 109 is a German World War II fighter aircraft.

  • Role: Fighter
  • National origin: Germany
  • Manufacturer: Bayerische Flugzeugwerke (BFW) Messerschmitt AG
  • Designer: Willy Messerschmitt, Robert Lusser
  • First flight: 29 May 1935
  • Introduction: February 1937
  • Retired: 9 May 1945 Luftwaffe, 27 December 1965 Spanish Air Force
  • Number built: 33,984, +239 Spanish-built Hispano Aviación HA-1112, +603 Czechoslovak-built Avia S-199

Operators

  • Bulgarian Air Force
  • Zrakoplovstvo Nezavisne Države Hrvatske (Croatia)
  • Czechoslovak Air Force
  • Finnish Air Force
  • Luftwaffe
  • Royal Hungarian Air Force
  • Israeli Air Force operated the Avia S-199
  • Regia Aeronautica (Italy)
  • Aeronautica Nazionale Repubblicana (Italy)
  • Imperial Japanese Army Air Force
  • Royal Romanian Air Force
  • Slovenské vzdušné zbrane
  • Slovak Insurgent Air Force
  • Spanish Air Force
  • Swiss Air Force
  • Royal Yugoslav Air Force
  • SFR Yugoslav Air Force

Messerschmitt Bf109E-3 1407/+5 Luftwaffe

Specifications (Bf 109 G-6)

General characteristics

  • Crew: One
  • Length: 8.95 m (29 ft 7 in)
  • Wingspan: 9.925 m (32 ft 6 in)
  • Height: 2.60 m (8 ft 2 in)
  • Wing area: 16.05 m² (173.3 ft²)
  • Empty weight: 2,247 kg (5,893 lb)
  • Loaded weight: 3,148 kg (6,940 lb)
  • Max. takeoff weight: 3,400 kg (7,495 lb)
  • Powerplant: 1 × Daimler-Benz DB 605A-1 liquid-cooled inverted V12, 1,475 PS (1,455 hp, 1,085 kW)
  • Propellers: VDM 9-12087 three-bladed light-alloy propeller
    • Propeller diameter: 3 m (9 ft 10 in)

Performance

  • Maximum speed: 640 km/h (398 mph) at 6,300 m (20,669 ft)
  • Cruise speed: 590 km/h (365 mph) at 6,000 m (19,680 ft)
  • Range: 850 km (528 mi) 1,000 km (621 mi) with droptank
  • Service ceiling: 12,000 m (39,370 ft)
  • Rate of climb: 17.0 m/s (3,345 ft/min)
  • Wing loading: 196 kg/m² (40 lb/ft²)
  • Power/mass: 344 W/kg (0.21 hp/lb)

Armament

  • Guns:
    • 2 × 13 mm (.51 in) synchronized MG 131 machine guns with 300 rounds per gun
    • 1 × 20 mm (.78 in) MG 151/20 cannon as Motorkanone with 200 rpg.
    • 1 x 30 mm (1.18 in) MK 108 cannon as Motorkanone with 65 rpg (G-6/U4 variant)
    • 2 × 20 mm MG 151/20 underwing cannon pods with 135 rpg (optional kit—Rüstsatz VI)
  • Rockets: 2 × 21 cm (8 in) Wfr. Gr. 21 rockets (G-6 with BR21)
  • Bombs: 1 × 250 kg (551 lb) bomb or 4 × 50 kg (110 lb) bombs or 1 × 300-litre (79 US gal) drop tank

Avionics

  • FuG 16Z radio

Heinkel He 162

Heinkel He162A-2 Volksjäger 120076/4 Luftwaffe

The Heinkel He 162 Volksjäger, the name of a project of the Emergency Fighter Program design competition, was a German single-engine, jet-powered fighter aircraft fielded by the Luftwaffe in World War II. Designed and built quickly, and made primarily of wood.

  • Role: Fighter
  • National origin: Germany
  • Manufacturer: Heinkel
  • First flight: 6 December 1944
  • Introduction: 1945
  • Status: 9 aircraft in museums
  • Retired: 1945
  • Number built: ca 320

Specifications (He 162A)

General characteristics

  • Crew: 1, pilot with ejection seat
  • Length: 9.05 m (29 ft 8 in)
  • Wingspan: 7.2 m (23 ft 7 in)
  • Height: 2.6 m (8 ft 6 in)
  • Wing area: 11.16 m² (156 ft²)
  • Empty weight: 1,660 kg (3,660 lb)
  • Max. takeoff weight: 2,800 kg (6,180 lb)
  • Powerplant: 1 × BMW 003E-1 or E-2 (meant for dorsal fuselage attachment) axial flow turbojet, 7.85 kN (1,760 lbf)
  • Fuel capacity of 695 litres (183 US gallons), allowing maximum 30 minute mission profile

Performance

  • Maximum speed: 790 km/h (491 mph) at normal thrust at sea level; 840 km/h (522 mph) at 6000 m (19,680 ft); using short burst extra thrust 890 km/h (553 mph) at sea level and 905 km/h (562 mph) at 6000 m (19,680 ft).
  • Range: 975 km (606 mi)
  • Service ceiling: 12,000 m (39,400 ft)
  • Rate of climb: 1,405 m/min (4,615 ft/min)

Armament

  • Guns: 2 × 20 mm MG 151/20 autocannons with 120 rpg (He 162 A-2) OR 2 × 30 mm MK 108 cannons with 50 rpg (He 162 A-0, A-1)

North American F-86 Sabre

North American F-86F Sabre 52-5385/FU-385 USAF

The North American F-86 Sabre, sometimes called the Sabrejet, was a transonic jet fighter aircraft.

  • Role: Fighter aircraft
  • National origin: United States
  • Manufacturer: North American Aviation
  • First flight: 1 October 1947
  • Introduction: 1949 USAF
  • Retired: 1994, Bolivia
  • Number built: 9,860
  • Variants: CAC Sabre, Canadair Sabre, North American F-86D Sabre and North American FJ-2/-3 Fury

Military operators

  • Argentine Air Force
  • Belgian Air Force
  • Bolivian Air Force
  • Royal Canadian Air Force (RCAF)
  • Colombian Air Force
  • Royal Danish Air Force
  • Ethiopian Air Force
  • German Air Force
  • Honduran Air Force
  • Imperial Iranian Air Force
  • Iraqi Air Force
  • Japanese Air Self-Defense Force (JASDF)
  • Royal Netherlands Air Force
  • Royal Norwegian Air Force
  • Pakistani Air Force
  • Peruvian Air Force
  • Philippine Air Force
  • Portuguese Air Force
  • Republic of China Air Force
  • Royal Saudi Air Force
  • South African Air Force
  • Republic of Korea Air Force
  • Spanish Air Force
  • Royal Thai Air Force
  • Tunisian Air Force
  • Turkish Air Force
  • United Nations Operation in the Congo
  • United States Air Force
  • Venezuelan Air Force
  • Yugoslav Air Force

According to the FAA there are 50 privately owned and registered F-86s in the US, including Canadair CL-13 Sabres.

Specifications (F-86F)

General characteristics

  • Crew: 1
  • Length: 37 ft 1 in (11.4 m)
  • Wingspan: 37 ft 0 in (11.3 m)
  • Height: 14 ft 1 in (4.5 m)
  • Wing area: 313.4 sq ft (29.11 m²)
  • Empty weight: 11,125 lb (5,046 kg)
  • Loaded weight: 15,198 lb (6,894 kg)
  • Max. takeoff weight: 18,152 lb (8,234 kg)
  • Powerplant: 1 × General Electric J47-GE-27 turbojet, 5,910 lbf (maximum thrust at 7,950 lbf for five min)with water injection (26.3 kN)
  • Fuel provisions Internal fuel load: 437 US gallons (1,650 L)), Drop tanks: 2×200 US gallons (760 L) JP-4 fuel

Performance

  • Maximum speed: 687 mph (1,106 km/h) at sea level at 14,212 lb (6,447 kg) combat weight
    also reported 678 mph (1,091 km/h) and 599 at 35,000 feet (11,000 m) at 15,352 pounds (6,960 kg). (597 knots (1,106 km/h) at 6446 m, 1,091 and 964 km/h at 6,960 m.)
  • Stall speed: 124 mph (power off) (108 knots (200 km/h))
  • Range: 1,525 mi, (2,454 km)
  • Service ceiling: 49,600 ft at combat weight (15,100 m)
  • Rate of climb: 9,000 ft/min at sea level (45.72 m/s)
  • Wing loading: 49.4 lb/ft² (236.7 kg/m²)
  • lift-to-drag: 15.1
  • Thrust/weight: 0.38

Armament

  • Guns: 6 X 0.50 in (12.7 mm) M3 Browning machine guns (1,800 rounds in total)
  • Rockets: variety of rocket launchers; e.g: 2 Matra rocket pods with 18 SNEB 68 mm rockets per pod
  • Bombs: 5,300 lb (2,400 kg) of payload on four external hardpoints, bombs were usually mounted on outer two pylons as the inner pairs were plumbed for 2 200 US gallons (760 L) drop tanks which gave the Sabre a more useful range. A wide variety of bombs could be carried (max standard loadout being 2 1,000 lb bombs plus two drop tanks), napalm canisters and could have included a tactical nuclear weapon.

Yakovlev Yak-3

Yakovlev Yak-3UA F-AZXZ/4 Soviet Air Force

The Yakovlev Yak-3 was a World War II Soviet fighter aircraft.

  • Role: Fighter
  • National origin: Russia
  • Manufacturer: Yakovlev
  • First flight: 12 April 1941
  • Introduction: 1944
  • Status: Privately owned, or in museums
  • Retired: 1952
  • Number built: 4.848

Yakovlev Yak-3UA F-AZLY/5 Soviet Air Force

Military operators

  • France, Normandie-Niemen squadron
  • Air Force of the Polish Army
  • Soviet Air Force
  • SFR Yugoslav Air Force

Yakovlev Yak-3UA F-AZXZ/4 Soviet Air Force

Specifications (Yak-3)

General characteristics

  • Crew: 1
  • Length: 8.5 m (27 ft 10 in)
  • Wingspan: 9.2 m (30 ft 2 in)
  • Height: 2.39 m (7 ft 11 in)
  • Wing area: 14.85 m² (159.8 ft²)
  • Empty weight: 2,105 kg (4,640 lb)
  • Loaded weight: 2,692 kg (5,864 lb)
  • Powerplant: 1 × Klimov VK-105PF-2 V-12 liquid-cooled piston engine, 970 kW (1,300 hp)

Performance

  • Maximum speed: 655 km/h (407 mph)
  • Range: 650 km (405 miles)
  • Service ceiling: 10,700 m (35,000 ft)
  • Rate of climb: 18.5 m/s (3,645 ft/min)
  • Wing loading: 181 kg/m² (36.7 lb/ft²)
  • Power/mass: 0.36 kW/kg (0.22 hp/lb)

Armament

  • Guns:
    • 1 × 20 mm ShVAK cannon, with 150 rounds
    • 2 × 12.7 mm Berezin UBS machine guns with 170 rpg

BAT F.K.23 Bantam

BAT F.K.23 Bantam I K-123 RAF

The BAT F.K.23 Bantam was a British single-seat fighter biplane produced by British Aerial Transport Company Limited of London during World War I. The F.K.23 Bantam I was designed by the Dutch Frits Koolhoven.

  • Role: Single-seat Fighter
  • National origin: United Kingdom
  • Manufacturer: British Aerial Transport Company Limited
  • Designer: Frits Koolhoven
  • First flight: January 1918
  • Introduction: 1921
  • Number built: 15

Military operators

  • French Air Force 1 aircraft
  • Netherlands, Koolhoven factory operated 1 aircraft.
  • Royal Air Force 1 aircraft.
  • United States Army Air Corps received 1 aircraft

BAT F.K.23 Bantam I K-123 RAF

One aircraft, registered K-123, is on display at the Rijksmuseum in Amsterdam, Netherlands

Specifications (F.K.23 Bantam)

General characteristics

  • Crew: 1
  • Capacity: 378 lb (171.46 kg) disposable load
  • Length: 18 ft 5 in (5.61 m)
  • Wingspan: 25 ft (7.6 m)
  • Height: 8 ft 2 in (2.49 m)
  • Wing area: 185 sq ft (17.2 m2)
  • Empty weight: 830 lb (376 kg)
  • Gross weight: 1,333 lb (605 kg)
  • Fuel capacity: 22 imp gal (100.01 l; 26.42 US gal)
  • Powerplant: 1 × ABC Wasp II 7-cyl. air-cooled radial piston engine, 200 hp (150 kW)
  • Propellers: 2-bladed BAT tractor 5 ft 4 in (1.63 m) pitch, 7 ft 10.5 in (2.400 m) diameter

Performance

  • Maximum speed: 138 mph (222 km/h; 120 kn) at sea level
  • 134 mph (216 km/h; 116 kn) at 10,000 ft (3,048.00 m)
  • 127 mph (204 km/h; 110 kn) at 15,000 ft (4,572.00 m)
  • 121 mph (195 km/h; 105 kn) at 20,000 ft (6,096.00 m)
  • Landingspeed: 50 mph (80 km/h; 43 kn)
  • Endurance: 3 hours 30 minutes
  • Service ceiling: 20,000 ft (6,096 m)
  • Rate of climb: 1,579 ft/min (8.02 m/s)
  • Time to altitude: 5,000 ft (1,524.00 m) in 3 minutes 10 seconds
  • 10,000 ft (3,048.00 m) in 7 minutes 12 seconds
  • 15,000 ft (4,572.00 m) in 21 minutes 29 seconds
  • Wing loading: 7.2 lb/sq ft (35 kg/m2)
  • Power/mass: 0.1274 hp/lb (0.21 kW/kg)

Armament

  • Guns: 2× forward firing, synchronised 0.303 in (7.7 mm) Vickers machine guns