JEROEN VOGELAAR: Aviation Photographs

France

North American T-28 Trojan

North American T-28B Trojan N1328B/55-138354/TL-354

The North American Aviation T-28 Trojan was a piston-engined military trainer aircraft used by the United States Air Force and United States Navy beginning in the 1950s. T-28S Fennec are ex-USAF T-28As converted in 1959 for use by the French Armee de l’Air.

  • Role: Trainer aircraft
  • National origin: United States
  • Manufacturer: North American Aviation
  • First flight: 24 September 1949
  • Introduction: 1950
  • Produced: 1950–57
  • Status: Retired from military service 1994 Philippine Air Force
  • Number built: 1,948

Operators

  • Argentine Air Force – 34 T-28A
  • Argentine Naval Aviation 65 ex-French Air Force T-28S Fennec aircraft
  • Bolivian Air Force at least six T-28D
  • Brazilian Navy – 18 T-28C
  • Air Force of the Democratic Republic of the Congo – 14 T-28C, 3 T-28B, 10 T-28D
  • Cuban Air Force – 10
  • Dominican Air Force
  • Ecuadorian Air Force – nine T-28A
  • Ethiopian Air Force – 12 T-28A and 12 T-28D
  • French Air Force – 148 T-28A airframes modified in France (1959) to make the T-28S Fennec COIN model
  • Haitian Air Force – 12 ex-French Air Force
  • Honduran Air Force – eight former Moroccan Air Force Fennecs
  • Japanese Air Self-Defense Force
  • Khmer National Air Force operated 47 T-28
  • Royal Lao Air Force – 55 T-28D
  • Mexican Air Force – 32 T-28A
  • Royal Moroccan Air Force – 25 Fennec
  • Nicaraguan Air Force – six T-28D
  • Philippine Air Force – 12 T-28A
  • Republic of Korea Air Force
  • Royal Saudi Air Force
  • Vietnam Air Force
  • Tunisian Air Force – Fennec
  • ROC Air Force (Taiwan)
  • Royal Thai Air Force – 88 T-28Ds delivered
  • United States Army
  • United States Air Force – 1194 T-28A, of which 360 converted to “D”
  • United States Navy – 489 T-28B and 299 T-28C
  • Uruguayan Naval Aviation – Fennec
  • Vietnam People’s Air Force
  • Zaire

North American T-28A Fennec F-AZKG/82

Specifications (T-28D)

General characteristics

  • Crew: Two
  • Length: 33 ft 0 in (10.06 m)
  • Wingspan: 40 ft 1 in (12.22 m)
  • Height: 12 ft 8 in (3.86 m)
  • Wing area: 268 ft² (24.9 m²)
  • Empty weight: 6,424 lb (2,914 kg)
  • Max. takeoff weight: 8,500 lb (10,500 lb with combat stores) (3,856 kg)
  • Powerplant: 1 × Wright R-1820-86 Cyclone radial engine, 1,425 hp (1,063 kW)

Performance

  • Maximum speed: 343 mph (552 km/h)
  • Service ceiling: 39,000 ft (10,820 m)
  • Rate of climb: 4,000 fpm (20.3 m/s)

Armament

  • two or six × wing-mounted pylons capable of carrying bombs, napalm, rockets. machine gun pods containing .30 in (7.62 mm) (training), .50 in (D-model) or twin pods with .50 in (12.7 mm) and 20 mm (.79 in) cannon (Fennec)

Eurocopter Tiger

Eurocopter Tigre HAP 2019/BHE 5RHC French Army

The Eurocopter Tiger is a four-bladed, twin-engined attack helicopter which first entered service in 2003. It is manufactured by Eurocopter, which designate it as the EC 665. In Germany it is known as the Tiger; in France and Spain it is called the Tigre.

  • Role: Attack helicopter
  • National origin: France/Germany/Spain
  • Manufacturer: Eurocopter, now Airbus Helicopters
  • First flight: 27 April 1991
  • Introduction: 2003
  • Status: Active
  • Produced: 1991–present
  • Number built: 206 planned as of 2013

Military Operators

  • Australian Army
  • French Army
  • German Army
  • Spanish Army

Specifications (Tiger HAP)

General characteristics

  • Crew: Two: pilot and weapon systems officer
  • Length: 14.08 m fuselage (46 ft 2 in)
  • Rotor diameter: 13.00 m (42 ft 8 in)
  • Height: 3.83 m (12 ft 7 in)
  • Disc area: 133 m² (1,430 ft²)
  • Empty weight: 3,060 kg (6,750 lb)
  • Loaded weight: 5,090 kg (11,311 lb)
  • Max. takeoff weight: 6,000 kg (13,000 lb))
  • Powerplant: 2 × MTU Turbomeca Rolls-Royce MTR390 turboshafts, 958 kW (1.303 shp) each
  • Internal fuel capacity: 1,080 kg (2,380 lb)

Performance

  • Maximum speed: 290 km/h with mast, 315 km/h without mast (157 knots, 181 mph with mast, 170 knots or 196 mph without mast)
  • Range: 800 km (430 nm, 500 mi) combat (with external tanks in the inboard stations: 1,300km)
  • Service ceiling: 4,000 m (13,000 ft)
  • Rate of climb: 10.7 m/s (2,105 ft/min)
  • Power/mass: 0.23 hp/lb (0.38 kw/kg)

Armament

  • Guns:
    • 1× 30 mm (1.18 in) GIAT 30 cannon in chin turret, with up to 450 rounds.

On each of its two inner hardpoints and two outer hardpoints the Eurocopter Tiger can carry a combination of the following weapons:

  • Inner hardpoints:
    • 1x 20 mm (0.787 in) autocannon pods, or
    • 22x 68 mm (2.68 in) SNEB unguided rockets in a pod, or
    • 19x 70 mm (2.75 in) Hydra 70 unguided rockets in a pod or
    • 4x AGM-114 Hellfire missiles (Australia/France) or
    • 4x Spike-ER missiles (Spain) or
    • 4x PARS 3 LR missiles (Germany) or
    • 4x HOT3 missiles (Germany)
  • Outer hardpoints:
    • 2x Mistral air-to-air missiles, or
    • 12x 68 mm (2.68 in) SNEB unguided rockets in a pod or
    • 7x 70 mm (2.75 in) Hydra 70 unguided rockets in a pod

Eurocopter AS350 Écureuil

Aerospatiale AS 350B Ecureuil F-GIBM ABC Helicopters

The Eurocopter AS350 Écureuil (Squirrel) is a single-engine light helicopter originally designed and manufactured in France by Aérospatiale (now Airbus Helicopters). In North America, the AS350 is marketed as the AStar.

 

  • Role: Light utility helicopter
  • National origin: France
  • Manufacturer: Aérospatiale/Eurocopter/Airbus Helicopters
  • First flight: 26 June 1974
  • Introduction: 1975
  • Status: In service
  • Produced: 1975 – present
  • Variants: Eurocopter AS355, AS550 Fennec
  • Developed into: Eurocopter EC130

Specifications (AS350 B3)

General characteristics

  • Crew: 1
  • Capacity: 5
  • Length: 10.93 m (35 ft 10½ in)
  • Rotor diameter: 10.7 m (35 ft 1 in)
  • Height: 3.14 m (10 ft 3½ in)
  • Disc area: 89.75 m² (966.1 sq ft)
  • Empty weight: 1,174 kg (2,588 lb)
  • Max. takeoff weight: 2,250 kg (4,960 lb)
  • Powerplant: 1 × Turbomeca Arriel 2B turboshaft, 632 kW (847 shp)

Performance

  • Never exceed speed: 287 km/h (155 knots, 178 mph)
  • Cruise speed: 245 km/h (132 knots, 152 mph)
  • Range: 662 km (357 nmi, 411 mi)
  • Endurance: 4.1 hrs
  • Service ceiling: 4,600 m (15,100 ft)
  • Rate of climb: 8.5 m/s (1,675 ft/min)

Avionics
Vehicle and Engine Monitoring Display (VEMD) with First Limit Indicator (FLI) fitted as standard.