JEROEN VOGELAAR: Aviation Photographs

German

Messerschmitt Bf 109

Messerschmitt Bf109E-3 1407/+5 Luftwaffe

The Messerschmitt Bf 109 is a German World War II fighter aircraft.

  • Role: Fighter
  • National origin: Germany
  • Manufacturer: Bayerische Flugzeugwerke (BFW) Messerschmitt AG
  • Designer: Willy Messerschmitt, Robert Lusser
  • First flight: 29 May 1935
  • Introduction: February 1937
  • Retired: 9 May 1945 Luftwaffe, 27 December 1965 Spanish Air Force
  • Number built: 33,984, +239 Spanish-built Hispano Aviación HA-1112, +603 Czechoslovak-built Avia S-199

Operators

  • Bulgarian Air Force
  • Zrakoplovstvo Nezavisne Države Hrvatske (Croatia)
  • Czechoslovak Air Force
  • Finnish Air Force
  • Luftwaffe
  • Royal Hungarian Air Force
  • Israeli Air Force operated the Avia S-199
  • Regia Aeronautica (Italy)
  • Aeronautica Nazionale Repubblicana (Italy)
  • Imperial Japanese Army Air Force
  • Royal Romanian Air Force
  • Slovenské vzdušné zbrane
  • Slovak Insurgent Air Force
  • Spanish Air Force
  • Swiss Air Force
  • Royal Yugoslav Air Force
  • SFR Yugoslav Air Force

Messerschmitt Bf109E-3 1407/+5 Luftwaffe

Specifications (Bf 109 G-6)

General characteristics

  • Crew: One
  • Length: 8.95 m (29 ft 7 in)
  • Wingspan: 9.925 m (32 ft 6 in)
  • Height: 2.60 m (8 ft 2 in)
  • Wing area: 16.05 m² (173.3 ft²)
  • Empty weight: 2,247 kg (5,893 lb)
  • Loaded weight: 3,148 kg (6,940 lb)
  • Max. takeoff weight: 3,400 kg (7,495 lb)
  • Powerplant: 1 × Daimler-Benz DB 605A-1 liquid-cooled inverted V12, 1,475 PS (1,455 hp, 1,085 kW)
  • Propellers: VDM 9-12087 three-bladed light-alloy propeller
    • Propeller diameter: 3 m (9 ft 10 in)

Performance

  • Maximum speed: 640 km/h (398 mph) at 6,300 m (20,669 ft)
  • Cruise speed: 590 km/h (365 mph) at 6,000 m (19,680 ft)
  • Range: 850 km (528 mi) 1,000 km (621 mi) with droptank
  • Service ceiling: 12,000 m (39,370 ft)
  • Rate of climb: 17.0 m/s (3,345 ft/min)
  • Wing loading: 196 kg/m² (40 lb/ft²)
  • Power/mass: 344 W/kg (0.21 hp/lb)

Armament

  • Guns:
    • 2 × 13 mm (.51 in) synchronized MG 131 machine guns with 300 rounds per gun
    • 1 × 20 mm (.78 in) MG 151/20 cannon as Motorkanone with 200 rpg.
    • 1 x 30 mm (1.18 in) MK 108 cannon as Motorkanone with 65 rpg (G-6/U4 variant)
    • 2 × 20 mm MG 151/20 underwing cannon pods with 135 rpg (optional kit—Rüstsatz VI)
  • Rockets: 2 × 21 cm (8 in) Wfr. Gr. 21 rockets (G-6 with BR21)
  • Bombs: 1 × 250 kg (551 lb) bomb or 4 × 50 kg (110 lb) bombs or 1 × 300-litre (79 US gal) drop tank

Avionics

  • FuG 16Z radio

Focke-Wulf A 16

Focke-Wulf A.16 D437 Bremen

The Focke-Wulf A.16 was a German three/four passenger light transport monoplane.

  • Role: Light passenger transport
  • National origin: Germany
  • Manufacturer: Focke-Wulf Flugzeugbau AG
  • Designed by: Heinrich Focke and Georg Wulf
  • First flight: 1924
  • Number built: 20+

Focke-Wulf A.16 D437 Bremen

Specifications (A.16c)

General characteristics

  • Crew: 1
  • Capacity: 3–4
  • Length: 8.5 m (27 ft 1034 in)
  • Wingspan: 13.90 m (45 ft 714 in)
  • Height: 2.30 m (7 ft 612 in)
  • Wing area: 27.1 m2 (291 ft2)
  • Empty weight: 570 kg (1256 lb)
  • Gross weight: 970 kg (2138 lb)
  • Powerplant: 1 × Siemens-Halske Sh 11 7-cylinder radial piston engine, 56 kW (75 hp)

Performance

  • Maximum speed: 135 km/h (84 mph)
  • Range: 550 km (342 miles)
  • Service ceiling: 2500 m (8200 ft)

Arado Ar 96

Arado Ar 96 B-1 U-CF Luftwaffe

The Arado Ar 96 was a German single-engine, low-wing monoplane of all-metal construction military trainer produced by Arado Flugzeugwerke.

  • Role: Military Trainer
  • National origin: Germany
  • Manufacturer: Arado Flugzeugwerke
  • First flight: 1938
  • Introduction: 1939
  • Status: 2 aircraft in museums
  • Number built: ca 3,500

Operators

  • Bulgarian Air Force
  • Czechoslovakian Air Force
  • French Air Force (Postwar)
  • Luftwaffe
  • Hungarian Air Force
  • Romanian Air Force
  • Slovenské vzdušné zbrane

Arado Ar 96 B-1 U-CF Luftwaffe

Survivors

Specifications (Arado Ar 96B-2)

General characteristics

  • Crew: 2
  • Length: 9.1 m (29 ft 10 in)
Ar 396A-1: 9.3 m (31 ft)
  • Wingspan: 11 m (36 ft 1 in)
  • Height: 2.6 m (8 ft 6 in)
Ar 396A-1: 2.45 m (8 ft)
  • Wing area: 17.1 m2 (184 sq ft)
Ar 396A-1: 18.3 m2 (197 sq ft)
  • Empty weight: 1,295 kg (2,855 lb)
Ar 396A-1: 1,643 kg (3,622 lb)
  • Max takeoff weight: 1,700 kg (3,748 lb)
Ar 396A-1: 2,060 kg (4,542 lb)
  • Powerplant: 1 × Argus As 410A-1 inverted V-12 air-cooled piston engine, 347 kW (465 hp)
Ar 396A-1: 1 x 433 kW (581 hp) Argus As 411MA inverted V-12 air-cooled piston engine
  • Propellers: 2-bladed variable pitch metal propeller

Performance

  • Maximum speed: 330 km/h (205 mph; 178 kn) at sea level
  • Cruising speed: 295 km/h (183 mph; 159 kn)
Ar 396A-1: 275 km/h (171 mph) at sea level
  • Range: 990 km (615 mi; 535 nmi)
Ar 396A-1: 600 km (373 mi)
  • Service ceiling: 7,100 m (23,294 ft)
Ar 396A-1: 6,900 m (22,638 ft)
  • Rate of climb: 5.083 m/s (1,000.6 ft/min)
  • Time to altitude:
Ar 396A-1: 4,000 m (13,123 ft) in 10 minutes 18 seconds
Armament

1 × 7.92 mm (0.312 in) MG 17 machine gun

Ar 396A-1: 1 × 7.92 mm (0.312 in) MG 17 machine gun + 2 x 50 kg (110 lb) bombs on underwing racks

Heinkel He 162

Heinkel He162A-2 Volksjäger 120076/4 Luftwaffe

The Heinkel He 162 Volksjäger, the name of a project of the Emergency Fighter Program design competition, was a German single-engine, jet-powered fighter aircraft fielded by the Luftwaffe in World War II. Designed and built quickly, and made primarily of wood.

  • Role: Fighter
  • National origin: Germany
  • Manufacturer: Heinkel
  • First flight: 6 December 1944
  • Introduction: 1945
  • Status: 9 aircraft in museums
  • Retired: 1945
  • Number built: ca 320

Specifications (He 162A)

General characteristics

  • Crew: 1, pilot with ejection seat
  • Length: 9.05 m (29 ft 8 in)
  • Wingspan: 7.2 m (23 ft 7 in)
  • Height: 2.6 m (8 ft 6 in)
  • Wing area: 11.16 m² (156 ft²)
  • Empty weight: 1,660 kg (3,660 lb)
  • Max. takeoff weight: 2,800 kg (6,180 lb)
  • Powerplant: 1 × BMW 003E-1 or E-2 (meant for dorsal fuselage attachment) axial flow turbojet, 7.85 kN (1,760 lbf)
  • Fuel capacity of 695 litres (183 US gallons), allowing maximum 30 minute mission profile

Performance

  • Maximum speed: 790 km/h (491 mph) at normal thrust at sea level; 840 km/h (522 mph) at 6000 m (19,680 ft); using short burst extra thrust 890 km/h (553 mph) at sea level and 905 km/h (562 mph) at 6000 m (19,680 ft).
  • Range: 975 km (606 mi)
  • Service ceiling: 12,000 m (39,400 ft)
  • Rate of climb: 1,405 m/min (4,615 ft/min)

Armament

  • Guns: 2 × 20 mm MG 151/20 autocannons with 120 rpg (He 162 A-2) OR 2 × 30 mm MK 108 cannons with 50 rpg (He 162 A-0, A-1)

Fokker D.VII

Fokker D.VII (replica) 266 Luchtvaartafdeeling (Netherlands Air Force)

The Fokker D.VII was a German World War I fighter aircraft designed by Reinhold Platz of the Fokker-Flugzeugwerke.

  • Role: Fighter
  • National origin: Germany
  • Manufacturer: Fokker-Flugzeugwerke
  • Designer: Reinhold Platz
  • First flight: January 1918
  • Introduction: 1918
  • Status: Privately owned, or in museums
  • Produced: 1918–1928
  • Number built: Over 3,200

Operators

  • Argentine Naval Aviation
  • Austro-Hungarian Navy
  • Belgian Air Force
  • Bulgarian Air Force
  • Czechoslovakia
  • Royal Danish Air Force
  • Finnish Air Force
  • Germany: Luftstreitkrafte, Kaiserliche Marine
  • Hungarian Air Force
  • Netherlands: Luchtvaartafdeling
  • Latvian Air Force
  • Lithuania
  • Polish Air Force
  • Royal Romanian Air Force
  • Soviet Air Force
  • Swedish Air Force
  • Swiss Air Force
  • Ottoman Air Force
  • United States Army Air Service
  • United States Marine Corps

Specifications (D.VII with Mercedes D.III engine)

General characteristics

  • Crew: 1
  • Length: 6.954 m (22 ft 10 in)
  • Wingspan: 8.9 m (29 ft 2 in)
  • Height: 2.75 m (9 ft 0 in)
  • Wing area: 20.5 m2 (221 sq ft)
  • Empty weight: 670 kg (1,477 lb)
  • Gross weight: 906 kg (1,997 lb)
  • Powerplant: 1 × Mercedes D.III 6-cyl. water-cooled in-line piston engine, 120 kW (160 hp)
    • or 1 × 130.5 kW (175 hp) Mercedes D.IIIa 6-cyl. water-cooled in-line piston engine
    • or 1 × 137.95 kW (185 hp) BMW IIIa 6-cyl. water-cooled in-line piston engine (240hp rating at low level, emergency only, risk of engine damage.)

Performance

  • Maximum speed: 189 km/h (117 mph; 102 kn)
    • BMW IIIa engine – 200 km/h (124 mph)
  • Service ceiling: 6,000 m (19,685 ft)
  • Rate of climb: 3.92 m/s (772 ft/min)
    • BMW IIIa engine – 9.52 metres per second (1,874 ft/min)
  • Time to altitude:
    • 1,000 m (3,281 ft) in 4 minutes 15 seconds (1 minutes 40 seconds w/ BMW IIIa)
    • 2,000 m (6,562 ft) in 8 minutes 18 seconds (4 minutes 5 seconds w/ BMW IIIa)
    • 3,000 m (9,843 ft) in 13 minutes 49 seconds (7 minutes 0 seconds w/ BMW IIIa)
    • 4,000 m (13,123 ft) in 22 minutes 48 seconds (10 minutes 15 seconds w/ BMW IIIa)
    • 5,000 m (16,404 ft) in 38 minutes 5 seconds (14 minutes 0 seconds w/ BMW IIIa)
    • 6,000 m (19,685 ft) (18 minutes 45 seconds w/ BMW IIIa)

    Armament

  • Guns: 2 × 7.92 mm (.312 in) LMG 08/15 “Spandau” machine guns

Junkers Ju 52

Junkers (CASA) 352L (Ju-52) F-AZJU AZ+JU Luftwaffe

The Junkers Ju 52 (nicknamed Tante Ju (“Aunt Ju”) and Iron Annie) was a German trimotor transport aircraft manufactured from 1931 to 1952. It saw both civilian and military service during the 1930s and 1940s.

  • Role: Transport aircraft
  • National origin: Germany
  • Manufacturer: Junkers
  • First flight: 13 October 1930 (Ju 52/1m); 7 March 1932 (Ju 52/3m)
  • Introduction: 1931
  • Status: retired
  • Produced: 1931–1945 (Germany) Junkers, 1945–1947 (France) Amiot AAC 1 Toucan, 1945–1952 (Spain) CASA 352 and 352L
  • Number built: 4,845

Civil Junkers Ju 52 Fact-sheet

Military operators

  • Argentina
  • Austria
  • Belgium
  • Bolivia
  • Brazil
  • Bulgaria
  • Canada
  • Chile
  • China
  • Colombia
  • NDH
  • Czechoslovakia
  • Denmark
  • Ecuador
  • Estonia
  • Finland
  • France
  • Germany
  • Germany
  • Greece
  • Hungary
  • Italy
  • Lebanon
  • Norway
  • Peru
  • Poland
  • Portugal
  • Romania
  • South Africa
  • Slovakia
  • Soviet Union
  • Spanish State
  • Sweden
  • Switzerland
  • United Kingdom
  • United States
  • Uruguay
  • Yugoslavia

Junkers (CASA) 352L (Ju-52) F-AZJU AZ+JU Luftwaffe

Specifications (Junkers Ju 52/3m g7e)

General characteristics

  • Crew: three (two pilots, radio operator)
  • Capacity: 18 troops or 12 litter patients
  • Length: 18.90 m (62 ft 0 in)
  • Wingspan: 29.25 m (95 ft 10 in)
  • Height: 4.5 m (14 ft 10 in)
  • Wing area: 110.5 m² (1,190 ft²)
  • Empty weight: 6,510 kg (14,325 lb)
  • Loaded weight: 9,200 kg (20,270 lb)
  • Max. takeoff weight: 10,990 kg (24,200 lb)
  • Powerplant: 3 × BMW 132T radial engines, 533 kW (715 hp) each

Performance

  • Maximum speed: 265 km/h (165 mph) at sea level
  • Cruise speed: 211 km/h (132 mph)
  • Range: 870 km (540 mi)
  • Service ceiling: 5,490 m (18,000 ft)
  • Rate of climb: 17 minutes to 3,050 m (10,000 ft)

Armament

  • Guns:
  • 1 × 13 mm (.51 in) MG 131 machine gun in a dorsal position
  • 2 × 7.92 mm (.312 in) MG 15 machine guns
  • Bombs: up to 500 kilograms (1,100 lb) of bombs (some variants)

Junkers Ju 52

Junkers Ju-523mg4e HB-HOS Ju-Air

The Junkers Ju 52 (nicknamed Tante Ju (“Aunt Ju”) and Iron Annie) was a German trimotor transport aircraft manufactured from 1931 to 1952. It saw both civilian and military service during the 1930s and 1940s.

  • Role: Transport aircraft
  • National origin: Germany
  • Manufacturer: Junkers
  • First flight: 13 October 1930 (Ju 52/1m); 7 March 1932 (Ju 52/3m)
  • Introduction: 1931
  • Status: retired
  • Produced: 1931–1945 (Germany) Junkers, 1945–1947 (France) Amiot AAC 1 Toucan, 1945–1952 (Spain) CASA 352 and 352L
  • Number built: 4,845

Military Junkers Ju 52 Fact-sheet

Junkers Ju-523mg4e HB-HOS Ju-Air

Specifications (Junkers Ju 52/3m ce)

General characteristics

  • Crew: two
  • Capacity: 17 passengers
  • Length: 18.90 m ()
  • Wingspan: 29.25 m ()
  • Height: 6.10 m ()
  • Wing area: 110.5 m² ()
  • Empty weight: 5,970 kg (13,180 lb)
  • Max. takeoff weight: 9,210 kg (20,330 lb)
  • Powerplant: 3 × BMW Hornet A2, 386 kW (525 PS) each

Performance

  • Maximum speed: 271 km/h (168 mph) at 900 m
  • Cruise speed: 222 km/h (138 mph)
  • Range: 950 km (590 mi)
  • Service ceiling: 5,200 m (17,050 ft)
  • Rate of climb: 3.90 m/s ()
  • Wing loading: 83.35 kg/m² ()
  • Power/mass: 7.95 kg/kW (5.85 kg/PS)

Junkers (CASA) 352A-3 (Ju-52) HB-HOY Ju-Air