JEROEN VOGELAAR: Aviation Photographs

Luftwaffe

Heinkel He 162

Heinkel He162A-2 Volksjäger 120076/4 Luftwaffe

The Heinkel He 162 Volksjäger, the name of a project of the Emergency Fighter Program design competition, was a German single-engine, jet-powered fighter aircraft fielded by the Luftwaffe in World War II. Designed and built quickly, and made primarily of wood.

  • Role: Fighter
  • National origin: Germany
  • Manufacturer: Heinkel
  • First flight: 6 December 1944
  • Introduction: 1945
  • Status: 9 aircraft in museums
  • Retired: 1945
  • Number built: ca 320

Specifications (He 162A)

General characteristics

  • Crew: 1, pilot with ejection seat
  • Length: 9.05 m (29 ft 8 in)
  • Wingspan: 7.2 m (23 ft 7 in)
  • Height: 2.6 m (8 ft 6 in)
  • Wing area: 11.16 m² (156 ft²)
  • Empty weight: 1,660 kg (3,660 lb)
  • Max. takeoff weight: 2,800 kg (6,180 lb)
  • Powerplant: 1 × BMW 003E-1 or E-2 (meant for dorsal fuselage attachment) axial flow turbojet, 7.85 kN (1,760 lbf)
  • Fuel capacity of 695 litres (183 US gallons), allowing maximum 30 minute mission profile

Performance

  • Maximum speed: 790 km/h (491 mph) at normal thrust at sea level; 840 km/h (522 mph) at 6000 m (19,680 ft); using short burst extra thrust 890 km/h (553 mph) at sea level and 905 km/h (562 mph) at 6000 m (19,680 ft).
  • Range: 975 km (606 mi)
  • Service ceiling: 12,000 m (39,400 ft)
  • Rate of climb: 1,405 m/min (4,615 ft/min)

Armament

  • Guns: 2 × 20 mm MG 151/20 autocannons with 120 rpg (He 162 A-2) OR 2 × 30 mm MK 108 cannons with 50 rpg (He 162 A-0, A-1)

Fieseler Fi 156 Storch

Fieseler Fi-156C-3 Storch F-AZRA/2E+RA Luftwaffe

The Fieseler Fi 156 Storch was a small German liaison aircraft built by Fieseler before and during World War II. It remains famous to this day for its excellent STOL (Short-Take-Off-and-Landing) performance.

  • Role: Reconnaissance & communications
  • National origin: Germany
  • Manufacturer: Fieseler/Morane-Saulnier
  • First flight: 24 May 1936
  • Introduction: 1937
  • Status: Privately owned, or in museums
  • Retired: Germany: 1945, France: 1970
  • Produced: 1937–1949 (1965 for the MS 500)
  • Number built: Over 2,900

Production per factory

  • Fieseler: 1.908
  • Morane-Saulnier: 784
  • Mraz: 78
  • Leichtbau: 73

Military operators

  • Bulgarian Air Force
  • Royal Khmer Air Force (Post war) and Khmer National Air Force
  • Air Force of the Independent State of Croatia
  • Czechoslovakian Air Force (Post war)
  • Egyptian Air Force
  • Finnish Air Force
  • French Air Force (Post war)
  • French Navy (Post war)
  • French Army (Post war)
  • Luftwaffe German Air Force)
  • Greek Air Force (Post war)
  • Royal Hungarian Air Force
  • Regia Aeronautica (Italian Air Force)
  • Royal Lao Air Force (Post war)
  • Royal Moroccan Air Force (Post war)
  • Royal Norwegian Air Force (Post war)
  • Polish Air Force (Post war)
  • Polish Navy (Post war)
  • Royal Romanian Air Force
  • Romanian Air Force (Post war)
  • Slovak Air Force (1939–1945)
  • Vietnam Air Force (Post war)
  • Soviet Air Force
  • Spanish Air Force
  • Royal Swedish Air Force
  • Swiss Air Force
  • Royal Air Force
  • Yugoslav Royal Air Force
  • SFR Yugoslav Air Force

Specifications (Fi 156)

General characteristics

  • Crew: 2
  • Length: 9.9 m (32 ft 6 in)
  • Wingspan: 14.3 m (46 ft 9 in)
  • Height: 3.1 m (10 ft 0 in)
  • Wing area: 26 m² (280 ft²)
  • Empty weight: 860 kg (1,900 lb)
  • Loaded weight: 1,260 kg (2,780 lb)
  • Powerplant: 1 × Argus As 10 air-cooled inverted V8 engine, 180 kW (240 hp)

Performance

  • Maximum speed: 175 km/h (109 mph) at 300 m (1,000 ft)
  • Range: 380 km (210 nmi, 240 mi)
  • Service ceiling: 4,600 m (15,090 ft)
  • Rate of climb: 4.8 m/s (945 ft/min)
  • Wing loading: 48.5 kg/m² (9.9 lb/ft²)
  • Power/mass: 143 W/kg (0.087 hp/lb)

Armament

  • Guns: MG 15 machine gun

Junkers Ju 52

Junkers (CASA) 352L (Ju-52) F-AZJU AZ+JU Luftwaffe

The Junkers Ju 52 (nicknamed Tante Ju (“Aunt Ju”) and Iron Annie) was a German trimotor transport aircraft manufactured from 1931 to 1952. It saw both civilian and military service during the 1930s and 1940s.

  • Role: Transport aircraft
  • National origin: Germany
  • Manufacturer: Junkers
  • First flight: 13 October 1930 (Ju 52/1m); 7 March 1932 (Ju 52/3m)
  • Introduction: 1931
  • Status: retired
  • Produced: 1931–1945 (Germany) Junkers, 1945–1947 (France) Amiot AAC 1 Toucan, 1945–1952 (Spain) CASA 352 and 352L
  • Number built: 4,845

Civil Junkers Ju 52 Fact-sheet

Military operators

  • Argentina
  • Austria
  • Belgium
  • Bolivia
  • Brazil
  • Bulgaria
  • Canada
  • Chile
  • China
  • Colombia
  • NDH
  • Czechoslovakia
  • Denmark
  • Ecuador
  • Estonia
  • Finland
  • France
  • Germany
  • Germany
  • Greece
  • Hungary
  • Italy
  • Lebanon
  • Norway
  • Peru
  • Poland
  • Portugal
  • Romania
  • South Africa
  • Slovakia
  • Soviet Union
  • Spanish State
  • Sweden
  • Switzerland
  • United Kingdom
  • United States
  • Uruguay
  • Yugoslavia

Junkers (CASA) 352L (Ju-52) F-AZJU AZ+JU Luftwaffe

Specifications (Junkers Ju 52/3m g7e)

General characteristics

  • Crew: three (two pilots, radio operator)
  • Capacity: 18 troops or 12 litter patients
  • Length: 18.90 m (62 ft 0 in)
  • Wingspan: 29.25 m (95 ft 10 in)
  • Height: 4.5 m (14 ft 10 in)
  • Wing area: 110.5 m² (1,190 ft²)
  • Empty weight: 6,510 kg (14,325 lb)
  • Loaded weight: 9,200 kg (20,270 lb)
  • Max. takeoff weight: 10,990 kg (24,200 lb)
  • Powerplant: 3 × BMW 132T radial engines, 533 kW (715 hp) each

Performance

  • Maximum speed: 265 km/h (165 mph) at sea level
  • Cruise speed: 211 km/h (132 mph)
  • Range: 870 km (540 mi)
  • Service ceiling: 5,490 m (18,000 ft)
  • Rate of climb: 17 minutes to 3,050 m (10,000 ft)

Armament

  • Guns:
  • 1 × 13 mm (.51 in) MG 131 machine gun in a dorsal position
  • 2 × 7.92 mm (.312 in) MG 15 machine guns
  • Bombs: up to 500 kilograms (1,100 lb) of bombs (some variants)