JEROEN VOGELAAR: Aviation Photographs

Royal Air Force

North American T-6 Texan

North American T-6G Texan 115-237 OH

The North American Aviation T-6 Texan was a single-engined advanced trainer aircraft used to train pilots of the United States Army Air Forces (USAAF), United States Navy, Royal Air Force and other air forces of the British Commonwealth (Harvard) during World War II and into the 1970s.

  • Role: Trainer aircraft
  • National origin: United States
  • Manufacturer: North American Aviation
  • First flight: April 1, 1935
  • Introduction: 1935
  • Status: Retired from military service 1985 (Brazilian Air Force)
  • Number built: 15,495

North American AT-6B Texan as Zero F-AZZM/170

Specifications (T-6G)

General characteristics

  • Crew: two (student and instructor)
  • Length: 29 ft (8.84 m)
  • Wingspan: 42 ft (12.81 m)
  • Height: 11 ft 8 in (3.57 m)
  • Wing area: 253.7 ft² (23.6 m²)
  • Empty weight: 4,158 lb (1,886 kg)
  • Loaded weight: 5,617 lb (2,548 kg)
  • Powerplant: 1 × Pratt & Whitney R-1340-AN-1 Wasp radial engine, 600 hp (450 kW)

Performance

  • Maximum speed: 208 mph at 5,000 ft (335 km/h at 1,500 m)
  • Cruise speed: 145 mph (233 km/h)
  • Range: 730 miles (1,175 km)
  • Service ceiling: 24,200 ft (7,400 m)
  • Rate of climb: 1200ft/min (6.1 m/s)
  • Wing loading: 22.2 lb/ft² (108 kg/m²)
  • Power/mass: 0.11 hp/lb (kW/kg)

Armament

  • Provision for up to 3× 0.30 in (7.62 mm) machine gun

Panavia Tornado

Panavia Tornado IDS 43+50 TLG33 Luftwaffe

 

  • Role: Multirole aircraft, strike aircraft
  • National origin: International (European)
  • Manufacturer: Panavia Aircraft GmbH
  • First flight: 14 August 1974
  • Introduction: 1979
  • Status: In service
  • Produced: 1979–1998
  • Number built: 992

Military Operators

  • Royal Air Force
  • Italian Air Force
  • German Air Force
  • Royal Saudi Air Force

Specifications (Tornado GR4)

General characteristics

  • Crew: 2
  • Length: 16.72 m (54 ft 10 in)
  • Wingspan: 13.91 m at 25° wing sweep, 8.60 m at 67° wing sweep (45.6 ft / 28.2 ft)
  • Height: 5.95 m (19.5 ft)
  • Wing area: 26.6 m2 (286 ft2)
  • Empty weight: 13,890 kg (31,620 lb)
  • Max. takeoff weight: 28,000 kg (61,700 lb)
  • Powerplant: 2 × Turbo-Union RB199-34R Mk 103 afterburning turbofans
    • Dry thrust: 43.8 kN (9,850 lbf) each
    • Thrust with afterburner: 76.8 kN (17,270 lbf) each

Performance

  • Maximum speed: Mach 2.2 (2,400 km/h, 1,490 mph) at 9,000 m (30,000 ft) altitude; 800 knots, 1,482 km/h, 921 mph indicated airspeed near sea level
  • Range: 1,390 km (870 mi) typical combat
  • Ferry range: 3,890 km (2,417 mi) with four external drop tanks
  • Service ceiling: 15,240 m (50,000 ft)
  • Rate of climb: 76.7 m/s (15,100 ft/min)
  • Thrust/weight: 0.55

Armament

  • Guns: 2× 27 mm (1.06 in) Mauser BK-27 revolver cannon internally mounted under each side of fuselage, each with 180 rounds
  • Hardpoints: 4× light duty + 3× heavy duty under-fuselage and 4× swivelling under-wing pylon stations with a capacity of 9,000 kg (19,800 lb) of payload, the two inner wing pylons have shoulder launch rails for 2× Short-Range AAM (SRAAM) each and provisions to carry combinations of:
    • Missiles:
      • AIM-9 Sidewinder or AIM-132 ASRAAM air-to-air missiles for self-defence
      • 6× AGM-65 Maverick; or
      • 12× Brimstone missile; or
      • 2× Storm Shadow
      • 9× ALARM anti-radiation missile
    • Bombs:
      • 5× 500 lb Paveway IV; or
      • 3× 1000 lb (UK Mk 20) Paveway II/Enhanced Paveway II; or
      • 2× 2000 lb Paveway III (GBU-24)/Enhanced Paveway III (EGBU-24); or
      • BL755 cluster bombs; or
      • Up to 2× JP233 or MW-1 munitions dispensers (for runway cratering operations)
      • Up to 4× B61 or WE.177 tactical nuclear weapons
    • Other: Up to 4× drop tanks for ferry flight/extended range/flight time

Avionics

  • RAPTOR aerial reconnaissance pod
  • Rafael LITENING targeting pod; or
  • TIALD laser designator pod
  • BAE Systems Sky Shadow electronic countermeasure pod