JEROEN VOGELAAR: Aviation Photographs

T-28S

North American T-28 Trojan

North American T-28B Trojan N1328B/55-138354/TL-354

The North American Aviation T-28 Trojan was a piston-engined military trainer aircraft used by the United States Air Force and United States Navy beginning in the 1950s. T-28S Fennec are ex-USAF T-28As converted in 1959 for use by the French Armee de l’Air.

  • Role: Trainer aircraft
  • National origin: United States
  • Manufacturer: North American Aviation
  • First flight: 24 September 1949
  • Introduction: 1950
  • Produced: 1950–57
  • Status: Retired from military service 1994 Philippine Air Force
  • Number built: 1,948

Operators

  • Argentine Air Force – 34 T-28A
  • Argentine Naval Aviation 65 ex-French Air Force T-28S Fennec aircraft
  • Bolivian Air Force at least six T-28D
  • Brazilian Navy – 18 T-28C
  • Air Force of the Democratic Republic of the Congo – 14 T-28C, 3 T-28B, 10 T-28D
  • Cuban Air Force – 10
  • Dominican Air Force
  • Ecuadorian Air Force – nine T-28A
  • Ethiopian Air Force – 12 T-28A and 12 T-28D
  • French Air Force – 148 T-28A airframes modified in France (1959) to make the T-28S Fennec COIN model
  • Haitian Air Force – 12 ex-French Air Force
  • Honduran Air Force – eight former Moroccan Air Force Fennecs
  • Japanese Air Self-Defense Force
  • Khmer National Air Force operated 47 T-28
  • Royal Lao Air Force – 55 T-28D
  • Mexican Air Force – 32 T-28A
  • Royal Moroccan Air Force – 25 Fennec
  • Nicaraguan Air Force – six T-28D
  • Philippine Air Force – 12 T-28A
  • Republic of Korea Air Force
  • Royal Saudi Air Force
  • Vietnam Air Force
  • Tunisian Air Force – Fennec
  • ROC Air Force (Taiwan)
  • Royal Thai Air Force – 88 T-28Ds delivered
  • United States Army
  • United States Air Force – 1194 T-28A, of which 360 converted to “D”
  • United States Navy – 489 T-28B and 299 T-28C
  • Uruguayan Naval Aviation – Fennec
  • Vietnam People’s Air Force
  • Zaire

North American T-28A Fennec F-AZKG/82

Specifications (T-28D)

General characteristics

  • Crew: Two
  • Length: 33 ft 0 in (10.06 m)
  • Wingspan: 40 ft 1 in (12.22 m)
  • Height: 12 ft 8 in (3.86 m)
  • Wing area: 268 ft² (24.9 m²)
  • Empty weight: 6,424 lb (2,914 kg)
  • Max. takeoff weight: 8,500 lb (10,500 lb with combat stores) (3,856 kg)
  • Powerplant: 1 × Wright R-1820-86 Cyclone radial engine, 1,425 hp (1,063 kW)

Performance

  • Maximum speed: 343 mph (552 km/h)
  • Service ceiling: 39,000 ft (10,820 m)
  • Rate of climb: 4,000 fpm (20.3 m/s)

Armament

  • two or six × wing-mounted pylons capable of carrying bombs, napalm, rockets. machine gun pods containing .30 in (7.62 mm) (training), .50 in (D-model) or twin pods with .50 in (12.7 mm) and 20 mm (.79 in) cannon (Fennec)