JEROEN VOGELAAR: Aviation Photographs

trimotor

Junkers Ju 52

Junkers (CASA) 352L (Ju-52) F-AZJU AZ+JU Luftwaffe

The Junkers Ju 52 (nicknamed Tante Ju (“Aunt Ju”) and Iron Annie) was a German trimotor transport aircraft manufactured from 1931 to 1952. It saw both civilian and military service during the 1930s and 1940s.

  • Role: Transport aircraft
  • National origin: Germany
  • Manufacturer: Junkers
  • First flight: 13 October 1930 (Ju 52/1m); 7 March 1932 (Ju 52/3m)
  • Introduction: 1931
  • Status: retired
  • Produced: 1931–1945 (Germany) Junkers, 1945–1947 (France) Amiot AAC 1 Toucan, 1945–1952 (Spain) CASA 352 and 352L
  • Number built: 4,845

Civil Junkers Ju 52 Fact-sheet

Military operators

  • Argentina
  • Austria
  • Belgium
  • Bolivia
  • Brazil
  • Bulgaria
  • Canada
  • Chile
  • China
  • Colombia
  • NDH
  • Czechoslovakia
  • Denmark
  • Ecuador
  • Estonia
  • Finland
  • France
  • Germany
  • Germany
  • Greece
  • Hungary
  • Italy
  • Lebanon
  • Norway
  • Peru
  • Poland
  • Portugal
  • Romania
  • South Africa
  • Slovakia
  • Soviet Union
  • Spanish State
  • Sweden
  • Switzerland
  • United Kingdom
  • United States
  • Uruguay
  • Yugoslavia

Junkers (CASA) 352L (Ju-52) F-AZJU AZ+JU Luftwaffe

Specifications (Junkers Ju 52/3m g7e)

General characteristics

  • Crew: three (two pilots, radio operator)
  • Capacity: 18 troops or 12 litter patients
  • Length: 18.90 m (62 ft 0 in)
  • Wingspan: 29.25 m (95 ft 10 in)
  • Height: 4.5 m (14 ft 10 in)
  • Wing area: 110.5 m² (1,190 ft²)
  • Empty weight: 6,510 kg (14,325 lb)
  • Loaded weight: 9,200 kg (20,270 lb)
  • Max. takeoff weight: 10,990 kg (24,200 lb)
  • Powerplant: 3 × BMW 132T radial engines, 533 kW (715 hp) each

Performance

  • Maximum speed: 265 km/h (165 mph) at sea level
  • Cruise speed: 211 km/h (132 mph)
  • Range: 870 km (540 mi)
  • Service ceiling: 5,490 m (18,000 ft)
  • Rate of climb: 17 minutes to 3,050 m (10,000 ft)

Armament

  • Guns:
  • 1 × 13 mm (.51 in) MG 131 machine gun in a dorsal position
  • 2 × 7.92 mm (.312 in) MG 15 machine guns
  • Bombs: up to 500 kilograms (1,100 lb) of bombs (some variants)

Junkers Ju 52

Junkers Ju-523mg4e HB-HOS Ju-Air

The Junkers Ju 52 (nicknamed Tante Ju (“Aunt Ju”) and Iron Annie) was a German trimotor transport aircraft manufactured from 1931 to 1952. It saw both civilian and military service during the 1930s and 1940s.

  • Role: Transport aircraft
  • National origin: Germany
  • Manufacturer: Junkers
  • First flight: 13 October 1930 (Ju 52/1m); 7 March 1932 (Ju 52/3m)
  • Introduction: 1931
  • Status: retired
  • Produced: 1931–1945 (Germany) Junkers, 1945–1947 (France) Amiot AAC 1 Toucan, 1945–1952 (Spain) CASA 352 and 352L
  • Number built: 4,845

Military Junkers Ju 52 Fact-sheet

Junkers Ju-523mg4e HB-HOS Ju-Air

Specifications (Junkers Ju 52/3m ce)

General characteristics

  • Crew: two
  • Capacity: 17 passengers
  • Length: 18.90 m ()
  • Wingspan: 29.25 m ()
  • Height: 6.10 m ()
  • Wing area: 110.5 m² ()
  • Empty weight: 5,970 kg (13,180 lb)
  • Max. takeoff weight: 9,210 kg (20,330 lb)
  • Powerplant: 3 × BMW Hornet A2, 386 kW (525 PS) each

Performance

  • Maximum speed: 271 km/h (168 mph) at 900 m
  • Cruise speed: 222 km/h (138 mph)
  • Range: 950 km (590 mi)
  • Service ceiling: 5,200 m (17,050 ft)
  • Rate of climb: 3.90 m/s ()
  • Wing loading: 83.35 kg/m² ()
  • Power/mass: 7.95 kg/kW (5.85 kg/PS)

Junkers (CASA) 352A-3 (Ju-52) HB-HOY Ju-Air