JEROEN VOGELAAR: Aviation Photographs

twin-engine

Gulfstream G200

Gulfstream Aerospace G200 UR-PRM IBE

The Gulfstream G200, formerly known as the  Israel Aircraft Industries Galaxy Astra is a twin-engine business jet.

  • Role: Mid-sized business jet
  • National origin: Israel
  • Manufacturer: Israel Aircraft Industries/Gulfstream Aerospace
  • Production line: Israel
  • First flight: December 25, 1997
  • Introduction: 1999
  • Status: In service
  • Produced: 1997–2011
  • Number built: 350

Specifications Gulfstream G200

General characteristics

  • Crew: 2
  • Capacity: Typical Seating of 8-10, 18 Max
  • Payload: 4,050 lb (1,840 kg)
  • Length: 62 ft 3 in (18.97 m)
  • Wingspan: 58 ft 1 in (17.70 m)
  • Height: 21 ft 5 in (6.53 m)
  • Wing area: 369 ft² (34.3 m²)
  • Empty weight: 19,200 lb (8,709 kg)
  • Max. takeoff weight: 35,450 lb (16,080 kg)
  • Powerplant: 2 × Pratt & Whitney Canada PW306A turbofans, 6,040 lbf (26.9 kN) each

Performance

  • Maximum speed: Mach 0.85 (487 knots, 560 mph, 900 km/h) at altitude
  • Cruise speed: Mach 0.80 (459 knots, 528 mph, 850 km/h) normal cruise at altitude
  • Range: 3,400 nmi (3,910 mi, 6,300 km) at Mach 0.75 with 4 passengers
  • Service ceiling: 45,000 ft (13,700 m)

 

Embraer ERJ-145

Embraer ERJ-145MP PH-DND Denim Air

The Embraer ERJ 145 family is a series of twin-engine regional jets produced by Embraer, a Brazilian aerospace company. Family members include the ERJ 135 (37 passengers), ERJ 140 (44 passengers), and ERJ 145 (50 passengers), as well as the Legacy business jet and the R-99 family of military aircraft.

  • Role: Twin-engine Regional airliner
  • National origin: Brazil
  • Manufacturer: Embraer
  • Production line: São José dos Campos, São Paulo State.
  • First flight: August 11, 1995
  • Introduction: December 1996
  • Status: In service
  • Produced: 1995 – present
  • Number built: 890 as of January 2012
  • Variants: Embraer ERJ-135, ERJ-140, Embraer Legacy business jet

Specifications

General characteristics

  • Crew: 3 (2 pilots + flight attendant)
  • Capacity: 50
  • Length: 29.87 m (98 ft 0 in)
  • Wingspan: 20.04 m (65 ft 9 in)
  • Height: 6.76 m (22 ft 2 in)
  • Empty weight: 18,500 kg (40,785 lb)
  • Max Payload weight: 5,909 kg (13,027 lb)
  • Max take-off weight: 24,100 kg (53,131 lb)
  • Powerplant: 2x Rolls-Royce AE 3007-A1E (8700 lb thrust)

Performance

  • Maximum speed: Mach 0.80, 470 kts, 530 mph, 851 km/h
  • Range: 3,704 km (2,000 nmi)
  • Service ceiling:  11,278 m (37,000 ft)

Boeing 757

Boeing 757-208 TF-FIJ Icelandair

The Boeing 757 is a mid-size, narrow-body twin-engine jet airliner that was designed and built by Boeing Commercial Airplanes. It is the manufacturer’s largest single-aisle passenger aircraft.

  • Role: Narrow-body jet airliner
  • National origin: United States
  • Manufacturer: Boeing Commercial Airplanes
  • First flight: February 19, 1982
  • Introduction: January 1, 1983 with Eastern Air Lines
  • Status: In service
  • Produced: 1981–2004
  • Number built: 1,050
  • Variant: Boeing C-32, Boeing 757-200PF

Specifications

General characteristics

Boeing-757-256 TF-FIU Icelandair

Boeing 757-200

  • Cockpit crew: two
  • Seating capacity: 239 (one-class)
  • Overall length: 155 ft 3 in (47.32 m)
  • Wingspan: 124 ft 10 in (38.05 m)
  • Overall height: 44 ft 6 in (13.56 m)
  • Cabin width: 11.6 ft (3.54 m)
  • Cabin length: 118.4 ft (36.09 m)
  • Operating empty weight: 127,520 lb (57,840 kg)
  • Maximum Fuel: 11,489 US gal (43,490 L)
  • Maximum take-off weight: 255,000 lb (115,680 kg)
  • Engine (× 2): Rolls-Royce RB211, Pratt & Whitney PW2037, PW2040

Performance

  • Service ceiling: 42,000 ft (12,800 m)
  • Cruising speed: Mach 0.80 (530 mph, 458 knots, 850 km/h at cruise altitude of 35,000 ft or 10.66 km)
  • Maximum speed: Mach 0.86 (567 mph, 493 knots, 913 km/h at 35,000 ft (11,000 m) cruise altitude)
  • Range fully loaded: 3,900 nmi (7,222 km), 4,100 nmi (7,600 km) with winglets

Boeing 757-300

Boeing 757-3E7 4X-BAW Arkia Israeli Airlines

The 757-300, the stretched version of the aircraft, entered service with Condor in 1999. With an overall length of 178.7 feet (54.5 m), the type is the longest single-aisle twinjet ever built.

 

  • First flight: August 2, 1998, N757X
  • Introduction: March 10, 1999 to Condor

 

Specifications

General characteristics

Boeing 757-300

  • Cockpit crew: two
  • Seating capacity: 295 (one-class)
  • Overall length: 178 ft 8 in (54.47 m)
  • Wingspan: 124 ft 10 in (38.05 m)
  • Overall height: 44 ft 6 in (13.56 m)
  • Cabin width: 11.6 ft (3.54 m)
  • Cabin length: 141.8 ft (43.21 m)
  • Operating empty weight: 142,400 lb (64,590 kg)
  • Maximum Fuel: 11,466 US gal (43,400 L)
  • Maximum take-off weight: 272,500 lb (123,600 kg)
  • Engine (× 2): Rolls-Royce RB211, Pratt & Whitney PW2037, PW2040, PW2043

Performance

  • Service ceiling: 42,000 ft (12,800 m)
  • Cruising speed: Mach 0.80 (530 mph, 458 knots, 850 km/h at cruise altitude of 35,000 ft or 10.66 km)
  • Maximum speed: Mach 0.86 (567 mph, 493 knots, 913 km/h at 35,000 ft (11,000 m) cruise altitude)
  • Range fully loaded: 3,395 nmi (6,287 km), 3,595 nmi (6,658 km) with winglets

Dassault Rafale

Dassault Rafale M 38 French Navy

The Dassault Rafale is a French twin-engine, canard delta-wing, multirole fighter aircraft designed and built by Dassault Aviation. Equipped with a wide range of weapons, the Rafale is intended to perform air supremacy, interdiction, aerial reconnaissance, and nuclear strike missions.

  • Role: Multirole fighter aircraft
  • National origin: France
  • Manufacturer: Dassault Aviation
  • First flight: 4 July 1986
  • Introduction: 18 May 2001
  • Status: In service
  • Produced: 1986–present
  • Number built: 133 (as of October 2014)

Military operators

  • French Air Force 180 have been ordered
  • French Navy
  • Egyptian Air Force 24 on order

Variants

  • Rafale A – Technology demonstrator, first flying in 1986
  • Rafale B – Two-seater version for the French Air Force
  • Rafale C – Single-seat version for the French Air Force
  • Rafale M – Carrier-borne version for the French Naval Aviation

Specifications

General characteristics

  • Crew: 1–2
  • Length: 15.27 m (50.1 ft)
  • Wingspan: 10.80 m (35.4 ft)
  • Height: 5.34 m (17.5 ft)
  • Wing area: 45.7 m² (492 ft²)
  • Empty weight:
    • C: 9,500 kilograms (20,900 lb)
    • B: 9,770 kilograms (21,540 lb)
    • M: 10,196 kilograms (22,480 lb)
  • Loaded weight: 14,016 kg (30,900 lb)
  • Max. takeoff weight: 24,500 kg (C/D), 22,200 kg (M) (54,000 lb)
  • Powerplant: 2 × Snecma M88-2 turbofans
    • Dry thrust: 50.04 kN (11,250 lbf) each
    • Thrust with afterburner: 75.62 kN (17,000 lbf) each
  • Fuel capacity: 4,700 kg (10,360 lb) internal

Performance

  • Maximum speed:
    • High altitude: Mach 1.8 (1,912 km/h, 1,032 knots)
    • Low altitude: Mach 1.1 (1,390 km/h, 750 knots)
  • Range: 3,700+ km (2,000+ nmi)  with 3 drop tanks
  • Combat radius: 1,852+ km (1,000+ nmi) on penetration mission
  • Service ceiling: 15,235 m (50,000 ft)
  • Rate of climb: 304.8+ m/s (60,000+ ft/min)
  • Wing loading: 306 kg/m² (62.8 lb/ft²)
  • Thrust/weight: 0.988 (100% fuel, 2 EM A2A missile, 2 IR A2A missile) version M
  • Maximum g-load: +9/–3.6 g

Armament

  • Guns: 1× 30 mm (1.18 in) GIAT 30/M791 autocannon with 125 rounds
  • Hardpoints: 14 for Air Force versions (Rafale B/C), 13 for Navy version (Rafale M) with a capacity of 9,500 kg (20,900 lb) external fuel and ordnance and provisions to carry combinations of:
    • Missiles:
      • MBDA MICA IR or EM or Magic II and
      • MBDA Meteor air-to-air missiles in the future
    • Air-to-ground:
      • MBDA Apache or
      • Storm Shadow-SCALP EG or
      • AASM-Hammer or
      • GBU-12 Paveway II or GBU-49 Enhanced Paveway II
      • GBU-24 Paveway III
      • AS-30L
    • Air-to-surface:
      • AM 39-Exocet
      • CVS401-Perseus
    • Deterrence:
      • ASMP-A nuclear missile
    • Other:
      • Thales Damocles targeting pod
      • AREOS (Airborne Recce Observation System)reconnaissance pod
      • up to 5 drop tanks
      • Buddy-buddy refuelling pod

Avionics

  • Thales RBE2 radar
  • Thales SPECTRA electronic warfare system.
  • Thales/SAGEM-OSF Optronique Secteur Frontal infra-red search and track system.

Boeing 767

Boeing 767-300ER N647UA United Airlines

The Boeing 767 is a mid- to large-size, long-range, wide-body twin-engine jet airliner built by Boeing Commercial Airplanes. It was the manufacturer’s first wide-body twinjet and its first airliner with a two-crew glass cockpit.

  • Role: Wide-body jet airliner
  • National origin: United States
  • Manufacturer: Boeing Commercial Airplanes
  • First flight: 767-200ER September 26, 1981, 767-300ER December 9, 1986, 767-400ER October 9, 1999
  • Introduction: September 8, 1982 with United Airlines
  • Status: In service
  • Produced: 1981–present
  • Number built: 1,069 through January 2015

Military variants

  • 767 Airborne Surveillance Testbed – – the Airborne Optical Adjunct (AOA) was modified from the prototype 767-200 for a United States Army program
  • E-767 – the Airborne Early Warning and Control (AWACS) platform for the Japan Self-Defense Forces
  • KC-767 Advanced Tanker – the 767-200ER-based aerial tanker developed for the USAF KC-X tanker competition
  • KC-767 Tanker Transport – the 767-200ER-based aerial refueling platform operated by the Italian Air Force (Aeronautica Militare), and the Japan Self-Defense Forces
  • Tanker conversions – the 767 MMTT or Multi-Mission Tanker Transport is a 767-200ER-based aircraft operated by the Colombian Air Force

Specifications

General characteristics

Boeing 767-200ER

  • Cockpit crew: 2
  • Seating capacity: 255, optional 290 (1-class)
  • Overall length: 159 ft 2 in (48.5 m)
  • Wingspan: 156 ft 1 in (47.6 m)
  • Overall height: 15,85 m.
  • Fuselage width: 16 ft 6 in (5.03 m)
  • Fuselage Height: 17 ft 9 in (5.41 m)
  • Operating empty weight: 181,610 lb (82,380 kg)
  • Maximum take-off weight: 395,000 lb (179,170 kg)
  • Service ceiling: 11.887 m
  • Cruising speed: Mach 0.80 (470 knots, 530 mph, 851 km/h at 35,000 ft (11,000 m) cruise altitude)
  • Maximum speed: Mach 0.86 (493 knots, 567 mph, 913 km/h at 35,000 ft (11,000 m) cruise altitude)
  • Range fully loaded: 6,385 nmi (7,348 mi; 11,825 km)
  • Engine (× 2): P&W PW4052, or 4056, GE CF6-80C2, RR RB211-524G or H
  • Thrust: PW: 63,300 lb (282 kN), GE: 62,100 lbf (276 kN)

Boeing 767-300ER

  • Cockpit crew: 2
  • Seating capacity: 290; optional 350 (1-class)
  • Overall length: 180 ft 3 in (54.9 m)
  • Wingspan: 156 ft 1 in (47.6 m)
  • Overall height: 15,85 m.
  • Fuselage width: 16 ft 6 in (5.03 m)
  • Fuselage Height: 17 ft 9 in (5.41 m)
  • Operating empty weight: 198,440 lb (90,010 kg)
  • Maximum take-off weight: 412,000 lb (186,880 kg)
  • Service ceiling: 11.887 m
  • Cruising speed: Mach 0.80 (470 knots, 530 mph, 851 km/h at 35,000 ft (11,000 m) cruise altitude)
  • Maximum speed: Mach 0.86 (493 knots, 567 mph, 913 km/h at 35,000 ft (11,000 m) cruise altitude)
  • Range fully loaded: 6,310 nmi (7,260 mi; 11,690 km)
  • Engine (× 2): P&W PW4056, 4060, or 4062. GE CF6-80C2. RR RB211-524G, or H
  • Thrust: PW: 63,300 lbf (282 kN), GE: 62,100 lbf (276 kN), RR: 59,500 lbf (265 kN)

Boeing 767-400ER

  • Cockpit crew: 2
  • Seating capacity: 375 (1-class)
  • Overall length: 201 ft 4 in (61.4 m)
  • Wingspan: 170 ft 4 in (51.9 m)
  • Overall height: 15,85 m.
  • Fuselage width: 16 ft 6 in (5.03 m)
  • Fuselage Height: 17 ft 9 in (5.41 m)
  • Operating empty weight: 229,000 lb (103,870 kg)
  • Maximum take-off weight: 395,000 lb (179,170 kg)
  • Service ceiling: 11.887 m
  • Cruising speed: Mach 0.80 (470 knots, 530 mph, 851 km/h at 35,000 ft (11,000 m) cruise altitude)
  • Maximum speed: Mach 0.86 (493 knots, 567 mph, 913 km/h at 35,000 ft (11,000 m) cruise altitude)
  • Range fully loaded: 5,625 nmi (6,473 mi; 10,418 km)
  • Engine (× 2): P&W PW4062 GE CF6-80C2
  • Thrust: PW: 63,300 lbf (282 kN) GE: 63,500 lbf (282 kN)

ATR 72

ATR 72-212F EI-SLK Air Contractors

The ATR 72 is a twin-engine turboprop short-haul regional airliner built by the French-Italian aircraft manufacturer ATR. A stretched variant of the ATR 42, the aircraft seats up to 74 passengers in a single-class configuration, and is operated by a two-pilot crew.

 

  • Role: Regional airliner
  • National origin: France/Italy
  • Manufacturer: ATR
  • Production line: Toulouse – Blagnac, France
  • First flight: 27 October 1988
  • Introduction: 27 October 1989 Finnair
  • Status: In service
  • Produced: 1988–present
  • Number built: 754 as of December 2014
  • Developed from: ATR 42

 

Specifications (ATR 72–600)

General characteristics

  • Crew: 2
  • Capacity: 68 (1-class, 31 in (79 cm) pitch) to 74 (1-class, 29 in (74 cm) pitch) passengers
  • Length: 27.17 m (89 ft 2 in)
  • Wingspan: 27.05 m (88 ft 9 in)
  • Width: 2.57 m (8 ft 5 in) (maximum cabin width)
  • Height: 7.65 m (25 ft 1 in)
  • Wing area: 61.00 m2 (656.6 sq ft)
  • Aspect ratio: 12.0:1
  • Empty weight: 13,010 kg (28,682 lb)
  • Max takeoff weight: 22,800 kg (50,265 lb)
  • Fuel capacity: 5,000 kg (11,000 lb)
  • Typical payload: 7,500 kg (16,500 lb)
  • Powerplant: 2 × Pratt & Whitney Canada PW127F turboprops, 1,846 kW (2,475 shp) each
  • Propellers: 568F-bladed Hamilton Standard, 3.93 m (12 ft 11 in) diameter

Performance

  • Cruise speed: 509 km/h; 316 mph (275 kn)
  • Range: 1,528 km; 949 mi (825 nmi)
  • Service ceiling: 7,620 m (25,000 ft)
  • Rate of climb: 6.88 m/s (1,355 ft/min)
  • Takeoff Run at MTOW: 1,333 m (4,373 ft)