JEROEN VOGELAAR: Aviation Photographs

World War II

Messerschmitt Bf 109

Messerschmitt Bf109E-3 1407/+5 Luftwaffe

The Messerschmitt Bf 109 is a German World War II fighter aircraft.

  • Role: Fighter
  • National origin: Germany
  • Manufacturer: Bayerische Flugzeugwerke (BFW) Messerschmitt AG
  • Designer: Willy Messerschmitt, Robert Lusser
  • First flight: 29 May 1935
  • Introduction: February 1937
  • Retired: 9 May 1945 Luftwaffe, 27 December 1965 Spanish Air Force
  • Number built: 33,984, +239 Spanish-built Hispano Aviación HA-1112, +603 Czechoslovak-built Avia S-199

Operators

  • Bulgarian Air Force
  • Zrakoplovstvo Nezavisne Države Hrvatske (Croatia)
  • Czechoslovak Air Force
  • Finnish Air Force
  • Luftwaffe
  • Royal Hungarian Air Force
  • Israeli Air Force operated the Avia S-199
  • Regia Aeronautica (Italy)
  • Aeronautica Nazionale Repubblicana (Italy)
  • Imperial Japanese Army Air Force
  • Royal Romanian Air Force
  • Slovenské vzdušné zbrane
  • Slovak Insurgent Air Force
  • Spanish Air Force
  • Swiss Air Force
  • Royal Yugoslav Air Force
  • SFR Yugoslav Air Force

Messerschmitt Bf109E-3 1407/+5 Luftwaffe

Specifications (Bf 109 G-6)

General characteristics

  • Crew: One
  • Length: 8.95 m (29 ft 7 in)
  • Wingspan: 9.925 m (32 ft 6 in)
  • Height: 2.60 m (8 ft 2 in)
  • Wing area: 16.05 m² (173.3 ft²)
  • Empty weight: 2,247 kg (5,893 lb)
  • Loaded weight: 3,148 kg (6,940 lb)
  • Max. takeoff weight: 3,400 kg (7,495 lb)
  • Powerplant: 1 × Daimler-Benz DB 605A-1 liquid-cooled inverted V12, 1,475 PS (1,455 hp, 1,085 kW)
  • Propellers: VDM 9-12087 three-bladed light-alloy propeller
    • Propeller diameter: 3 m (9 ft 10 in)

Performance

  • Maximum speed: 640 km/h (398 mph) at 6,300 m (20,669 ft)
  • Cruise speed: 590 km/h (365 mph) at 6,000 m (19,680 ft)
  • Range: 850 km (528 mi) 1,000 km (621 mi) with droptank
  • Service ceiling: 12,000 m (39,370 ft)
  • Rate of climb: 17.0 m/s (3,345 ft/min)
  • Wing loading: 196 kg/m² (40 lb/ft²)
  • Power/mass: 344 W/kg (0.21 hp/lb)

Armament

  • Guns:
    • 2 × 13 mm (.51 in) synchronized MG 131 machine guns with 300 rounds per gun
    • 1 × 20 mm (.78 in) MG 151/20 cannon as Motorkanone with 200 rpg.
    • 1 x 30 mm (1.18 in) MK 108 cannon as Motorkanone with 65 rpg (G-6/U4 variant)
    • 2 × 20 mm MG 151/20 underwing cannon pods with 135 rpg (optional kit—Rüstsatz VI)
  • Rockets: 2 × 21 cm (8 in) Wfr. Gr. 21 rockets (G-6 with BR21)
  • Bombs: 1 × 250 kg (551 lb) bomb or 4 × 50 kg (110 lb) bombs or 1 × 300-litre (79 US gal) drop tank

Avionics

  • FuG 16Z radio

Yakovlev Yak-3

Yakovlev Yak-3UA F-AZXZ/4 Soviet Air Force

The Yakovlev Yak-3 was a World War II Soviet fighter aircraft.

  • Role: Fighter
  • National origin: Russia
  • Manufacturer: Yakovlev
  • First flight: 12 April 1941
  • Introduction: 1944
  • Status: Privately owned, or in museums
  • Retired: 1952
  • Number built: 4.848

Yakovlev Yak-3UA F-AZLY/5 Soviet Air Force

Military operators

  • France, Normandie-Niemen squadron
  • Air Force of the Polish Army
  • Soviet Air Force
  • SFR Yugoslav Air Force

Yakovlev Yak-3UA F-AZXZ/4 Soviet Air Force

Specifications (Yak-3)

General characteristics

  • Crew: 1
  • Length: 8.5 m (27 ft 10 in)
  • Wingspan: 9.2 m (30 ft 2 in)
  • Height: 2.39 m (7 ft 11 in)
  • Wing area: 14.85 m² (159.8 ft²)
  • Empty weight: 2,105 kg (4,640 lb)
  • Loaded weight: 2,692 kg (5,864 lb)
  • Powerplant: 1 × Klimov VK-105PF-2 V-12 liquid-cooled piston engine, 970 kW (1,300 hp)

Performance

  • Maximum speed: 655 km/h (407 mph)
  • Range: 650 km (405 miles)
  • Service ceiling: 10,700 m (35,000 ft)
  • Rate of climb: 18.5 m/s (3,645 ft/min)
  • Wing loading: 181 kg/m² (36.7 lb/ft²)
  • Power/mass: 0.36 kW/kg (0.22 hp/lb)

Armament

  • Guns:
    • 1 × 20 mm ShVAK cannon, with 150 rounds
    • 2 × 12.7 mm Berezin UBS machine guns with 170 rpg

Fieseler Fi 156 Storch

Fieseler Fi-156C-3 Storch F-AZRA/2E+RA Luftwaffe

The Fieseler Fi 156 Storch was a small German liaison aircraft built by Fieseler before and during World War II. It remains famous to this day for its excellent STOL (Short-Take-Off-and-Landing) performance.

  • Role: Reconnaissance & communications
  • National origin: Germany
  • Manufacturer: Fieseler/Morane-Saulnier
  • First flight: 24 May 1936
  • Introduction: 1937
  • Status: Privately owned, or in museums
  • Retired: Germany: 1945, France: 1970
  • Produced: 1937–1949 (1965 for the MS 500)
  • Number built: Over 2,900

Production per factory

  • Fieseler: 1.908
  • Morane-Saulnier: 784
  • Mraz: 78
  • Leichtbau: 73

Military operators

  • Bulgarian Air Force
  • Royal Khmer Air Force (Post war) and Khmer National Air Force
  • Air Force of the Independent State of Croatia
  • Czechoslovakian Air Force (Post war)
  • Egyptian Air Force
  • Finnish Air Force
  • French Air Force (Post war)
  • French Navy (Post war)
  • French Army (Post war)
  • Luftwaffe German Air Force)
  • Greek Air Force (Post war)
  • Royal Hungarian Air Force
  • Regia Aeronautica (Italian Air Force)
  • Royal Lao Air Force (Post war)
  • Royal Moroccan Air Force (Post war)
  • Royal Norwegian Air Force (Post war)
  • Polish Air Force (Post war)
  • Polish Navy (Post war)
  • Royal Romanian Air Force
  • Romanian Air Force (Post war)
  • Slovak Air Force (1939–1945)
  • Vietnam Air Force (Post war)
  • Soviet Air Force
  • Spanish Air Force
  • Royal Swedish Air Force
  • Swiss Air Force
  • Royal Air Force
  • Yugoslav Royal Air Force
  • SFR Yugoslav Air Force

Specifications (Fi 156)

General characteristics

  • Crew: 2
  • Length: 9.9 m (32 ft 6 in)
  • Wingspan: 14.3 m (46 ft 9 in)
  • Height: 3.1 m (10 ft 0 in)
  • Wing area: 26 m² (280 ft²)
  • Empty weight: 860 kg (1,900 lb)
  • Loaded weight: 1,260 kg (2,780 lb)
  • Powerplant: 1 × Argus As 10 air-cooled inverted V8 engine, 180 kW (240 hp)

Performance

  • Maximum speed: 175 km/h (109 mph) at 300 m (1,000 ft)
  • Range: 380 km (210 nmi, 240 mi)
  • Service ceiling: 4,600 m (15,090 ft)
  • Rate of climb: 4.8 m/s (945 ft/min)
  • Wing loading: 48.5 kg/m² (9.9 lb/ft²)
  • Power/mass: 143 W/kg (0.087 hp/lb)

Armament

  • Guns: MG 15 machine gun

North American B-25 Mitchell

North American B-25N Mitchell PH-XXV/232511/N5-149 Royal Netherl

The North American B-25 Mitchell was an American twin-engined medium bomber manufactured by North American Aviation. It was used by many Allied air forces, in every theater of World War II, as well as many other air forces after the war ended, and saw service across four decades.

  • Role: Medium bomber
  • National origin: United States of America
  • Manufacturer: North American Aviation
  • First flight: 19 August 1940
  • Introduction: 1941
  • Status: Retired
  • Produced:
  • Number built: 9,816

Military operators B-25 Mitchell

  • Royal Australian Air Force 50
  • Biafran Air Force 2
  • Fuerza Aérea Boliviana 13
  • Brazilian Air Force 75
  • Royal Canadian Air Force 164
  • Republic of China Air Force 180
  • People’s Liberation Army Air Force
  • Fuerza Aérea de Chile 12
  • Fuerza Aérea Colombiana 3
  • Fuerza Aérea del Ejército de Cuba 6
  • Dominican Air Force 5
  • Armée de l’Air 11
  • Free French Air Force 18
  • Indonesian Air Force
  • Mexican Air Force 3
  • Royal Netherlands Air Force 62
  • Dutch Naval Aviation Service 107
  • Royal Netherlands East Indies Army Air Force 149
  • Cuerpo Aeronáutico del Perú 8
  • Ejército del Aire 1
  • Soviet Air Force (Voyenno-Vozdushnye Sily or VVS) 886
  • Royal Air Force 900+
  • United States Army Air Forces
  • United States Marine Corps
  • United States Navy 706
  • Fuerza Aérea Uruguaya 15
  • Fuerza Aérea Venezolana 24

Specifications (B-25H)

General characteristics

  • Crew: 6 (one pilot, one co-pilot, navigator/bombardier, turret gunner/engineer, radio operator/waist gunner, tail gunner)
  • Length: 52 ft 11 in (16.13 m)
  • Wingspan: 67 ft 7 in (20.60 m)
  • Height: 16 ft 4 in (4.98 m)
  • Wing area: 610 sq ft (56.7 m²)
  • Empty weight: 19,480 lb (8,855 kg)
  • Max. takeoff weight: 35,000 lb (15,910 kg)
  • Powerplant: 2 × Wright R-2600-92 Twin Cyclone 14-cylinder air-cooled radial engine, 1,700 hp (1,267 kW) each

Performance

  • Maximum speed: 272 mph (237 kn, 438 km/h) at 13,000 ft (3,960 m)
  • Cruise speed: 230 mph (200 knots, 370 km/h)
  • Range: 1,350 mi (1,174 nmi, 2,174 km)
  • Service ceiling: 24,200 ft (7,378 m)

Armament

  • Guns: 12–18 × .50 in (12.7 mm) machine guns and 75 mm (2.95 in) T13E1 cannon
  • Hardpoints: 2,000 lb (900 kg) ventral shackles to hold one external Mark 13 torpedo
  • Rockets: racks for eight 5 in (127 mm) high velocity aircraft rockets (HVAR)
  • Bombs: 3,000 lb (1,360 kg) bombs